This research studies the influence/effect of the education level on various aspects of human wellbeing. From the official statistics of the OECD countries, we conclude that a number of important characteristics of wellbeing (level of interpersonal trust, subjective health assessments, confidence in the government) have a steady tendency to increase in practically all the analyzed countries as the level of education increases among employable citizens (25-64 years). In this paper, we identify the countries, in which various aspects of citizens’ wellbeing have been found to reach minimum and maximum values. This analysis accounts for the education levels in accordance with the international description: below upper secondary, upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary, and tertiary. The estimated influence of the education level on various aspects of wellbeing appear to be a very promising direction of research for Russia: a country with a traditionally high level of education (of the population). Unfortunately, it is impossible to make a comparative analysis of the impact of education level of the population in Russia on certain wellbeing parameters using the data given in the collected volume
Keywords: EducationWellbeingInterpersonal TrustHealth StatusConfidence to Government
In the collected volume
International studies pay special attention to the assessment of education level impact on income, the success of a person in society and other determinants of individual and social life (Conti, Heckman & Urzúa, 2010; Heckman et al., 2014, 2016).
The influence of the growth in the level of education on subjective assessments of various aspects of human wellbeing (including the level of interpersonal trust, subjective assessments of health state, confidence in the government), has been researched less(How’s Life?, 2013; OECD Skills Outlook, 2013
The most important issue was the identification of those countries in which the level of interpersonal trust, the subjective assessments of the health state and confidence in the government (as important indicators of the individual wellbeing) amounted to the maximum and minimum values for different education levels.
Purpose of the Study
The research problem was to determine the sustainability of the impact of increasing the education level on the subjective assessment by citizens of different OECD countries in important aspects of human wellbeing: the level of interpersonal trust, subjective assessments of health and confidence in the government
The analyzed sample of OECD countries consisted of 22 states in which each of the parameters considered (the level of interpersonal trust, subjective health assessments and the level of confidence in the government) ranges from the minimum to the maximum for each of the three education levels accordingly international statistics: low level - below upper secondary, secondary level - upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary, higher education - tertiary.
The relationship between the education level and interpersonal trust
Interpersonal trust characterizes such state of human consciousness, in which he believes in benevolence and decency of people whom he deals with and interacts in a variety of situations, including the degree of predictability of human behaviour in different situations. Based on the statistical data it should be mentioned that the subjective assessments of interpersonal trust level are significantly different in different OECD countries, however, general conclusion is that the interpersonal trust grows with the increase of citizens' education level. People with higher education show the maximum values of this level (Table
The relationship between education and positive subjective assessment of health status
During the surveys of OECD countries population, it was found that as the education level increases the proportion of people who are satisfied with their health was increasing too. To the greatest extent in the given group of countries people with higher education satisfied with the state of their health were also found (Table
The relationship between the education level and confidence in the government
Over the past years, a number of important political events have been taking place in the world. Undoubtedly, each of them had affected public confidence in the government of a particular country.
As in all previous parameters of wellbeing here, there is an increase in degree of confidence in the government along with the growth of education level of the population. Among OECD countries, Norway became the country with the highest level of confidence in the government among people with higher education (65%). The lowest rate was found in the Czech Republic and Italy (28-29%). The average value of the level of confidence in the government among citizens with higher education in OECD countries established at the level of 43%, which is close to the values recorded, for example, for Great Britain,Korea, Canada, Austria, Slovak Republic and France.
Therefore, having considered the international statistics, we can conclude that for OECD countries as a whole the increasing of manifestation rate for each of wellbeing factors (interpersonal trust, positive subjective assessment of health status and confidence in the government) is observed along with increasing of education level of the respondents.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to make a comparative analysis of the impact of education level of the population in Russia on certain wellbeing parameters using data given in the collected volume
The study supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and performed using the facilities of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, within the research framework in Assessment and Improvement of the Social, Economic and Emotional Well-Being of Older People, Contract No. 14.Z50.31.0029.
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- Conti, G., Heckman, J., andUrzúa, S. (2010). The Education-Health Gradient.American Economic Review,100(2): 234-38. doi: 10.1257/aer.100.2.234
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- How’s Life?Measuring Well-being. (2013). OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264201392-en
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16 April 2018
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Social welfare, social services, personal health, public health
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Barysheva, G. A., Nedospasova, O. P., Zhironkin, S. A., & Ogunlana, A. O. (2018). The Impact Of Education Level On Some Aspects Of Wellbeing. In F. Casati, G. А. Barysheva, & W. Krieger (Eds.), Lifelong Wellbeing in the World - WELLSO 2017, vol 38. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 336-341). Future Academy. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2018.04.37