Self-Development of the Future Teacher of Chemistry, through Bilingual Education, in Accordance with New Requirements of Professional Standards

Abstract

The article defines the goals, objectives and readiness of students and future teachers of chemistry, to bilingual teaching in accordance with the requirements of the educational standard. Currently, a growing number of experts reveal the expansion of bilingual linguistic borders and citizens, and sometimes their multilingualism. A competitive specialist is considered as a person who not only meets the needs of the labor market in their professional, psychological, moral, and other qualities, but also possesses a quick adaptability to the changing conditions of life, and is able to make decisions and take responsibility for them. The local schools are increasingly trying to implement a system of bilingual education, in order to use more effective methods of learning, contributing to the further development of the cognitive competence of students. The problem of the study is the lack of methodical preparation of teachers of chemistry, as well as students, and future teachers of chemistry, in the use of bilingualism in teaching chemistry in modern educational institutions in the framework of self-development and self-improvement. Of particular importance is the domestic personnel policy - the release of young professionals. The relevance of the study is due to an increasing necessity of chemistry teachers to learn foreign languages, the problem of the organization working with migrant children, as well as the new requirements of the professional standard for teachers. The applied nature of the significance of this brief article is enhanced with practical recommendations on the formation of the trend towards self-development and self-improvement of students, and future teachers of chemistry, through bilingual education.

Keywords: State Standard, self-learning, self-development, chemistry, chemistry education, teacher, student,multilingualism, bilingualism

1. Introduction

Currently, a growing number of experts reveal the expansion of bilingual linguistic borders and

citizens, and multilingualism. There is a theory that by 2020, most of the inhabitants of civilized

countries would possess two (or more) languages and become bilingual (or multilingual). The problem

of study is a lack of methodical preparation of teachers of chemistry, as well as students, and future

teachers of chemistry, in the use of bilingualism in teaching chemistry in modern educational

institutions. Currently, there is a discrepancy between the social demands of society on training,

responsive to emerging changes in the development of the country, and classical-conservative system

of teacher training, focused on a certain stability in the outside world (Osipov PN, 2010, 2015). This

topic has now become quite relevant for the training of future teachers of chemistry. With this concept,

chemistry teachers would be available at schools, in areas touched by the migration of people and

students to schools, when they begin to engage in the classroom with foreign nationals

(Kosmodemyanskaya, 2015).

Currently, the main indicators of the quality of education in Russia are determined by the

achievement of learning outcomes of meta-subjects, one component of which is the formation of

universal educational actions, which established set of key competencies of graduates. Analysis of the

results of the implementation of certain public projects (National Doctrine of the Russian Federation,

the GEF 3rd generation, the program "Development of Education for the period 2013-2020." And

others.) Shows the relevance of the issue of teacher training in accordance with the requirements of

modern society, as a customer of educational services. In accordance with the new paradigm of

education as set out in the "Concept of the Federal target program of education development for 2016-

2020 years" results were summed for the previous concept (2011-2015), and goals and objectives were

defined for the implementation of long-term program of development of national education. It also

focuses on the development of competencies of teachers, who are able to work with children of

different levels of training, with the HIA (disabilities), and a of certain nationalities. The

recommendations of the new professional standard for teachers of the Russian Federation, refers not

only to the above requirements, but also the knowledge of foreign languages.

Shaping the future teachers of chemistry is different, because the profession is based on planned and

systematic self-education and self-development specializations.

2.Statement of the Problem

This research problem was identified by us in 2011, when the chemistry students according to the

curriculum were having their teaching practice, based on bilingual teaching of chemistry in Kazan

educational institutions. Our study involved students of Kazan (Volga) Federal University and

chemistry teachers, students refresher courses of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Thus, the formulation of the study includes the determination of the level of preparedness of

students, future teachers of chemistry, and current chemistry teachers, to have a desire to self-

improvement and self-development through bilingual education, since only a successful teacher can

shape the identity of the successful student.

3.Research questions

Research questions includes: determining the level of preparedness of students and chemistry

teachers to bilingual teaching of chemistry, as well as human resources training for students of

pedagogical high school to self-development and self-improvement through the study of bilingual

education.

The purpose of the study is to determine the level of readiness to the use of bilingualism in teaching

chemistry to students, in accordance with modern requirements of the society, which contributes to

further self-development and self-education. This system allows students and future teachers of

chemistry, to generate value and meaning installation, ensuring a certain independence and competence

in later life. The principles of a bilingual culture are based on the basic provisions of the

methodological and methodical development of researchers as Bondarevskaya EV Borisenkova VP,

Dmitrieva GD, Bibler VS, Huizinga, J. et al. This problem of self and self teaching staff is represented

in the works of O. Anisimova, Krutetskaya VA Osipova PN Bespal'ko VN, Markova AK, BG Ananiev,

Grebenkina LK and others.

4.Results

A study of students, future teachers of chemistry, and chemistry teachers with work experiences,

took place in two stages (266 respondents). The first part (2014-2015), we conducted a study on the

issue of self-studying, during undergraduate and postgraduate trainings and self-development (126

respondents). After analyzing the responses of teachers of chemistry in Tatarstan schools (31 persons)

of the first and highest qualification category, it revealed that majority of the respondents indicated to

the use of self-tools in enhancing knowledge competencies. These tools included; printed product

(74%), the Internet and electronic educational resources (81%). Almost half of respondents drew

attention to the need for synthesis and exchange of experience (48%). Preparing for the exam and the

OGE (10%) and, unfortunately, training on refresher courses (7%) were low. Participation in

professional competitions ( "Teacher of the Year", etc.) is practically not seen as a variant of self-

improvement and self-development (97%). Education language courses were not considered by

teachers at all. This is probably due to the fact that teachers do not feel the need for self-realization due

to lack of methodological support.

Further, in the study (95 respondents), we used a real survey of 69 students of 1-4 courses of Kazan

(Volga) Federal University and a survey of 26 students using remote means (Naberezhnye Chelny

Institute of socio-pedagogical technologies and resources). The students appreciated the opportunity to

educate themselves not only in the classroom but also extracurricular work, during the training period.

Interestingly, even the junior students confidently noted the possibility of using the results of self-

education in the school pedagogical work (1st year - 52%, 2nd year - 67% of respondents).

Professional self-education of students as future teachers of chemistry involves the study of

information (subject journals, Internet resources - websites, community groups and teachers in social

networks); attendance of open lectures, participation in seminars, trainings, and conferences;

attendance of open classes and extra-curricular activities and their subsequent analysis; and the

generalization of his own experience. Also, the possibility of self-development and self-pedagogical

orientation of students can be attributed to obtaining a second higher education (eg, psychology),

training in special courses (foreign language courses), and being active in the pedagogical (student

pedagogical force) or other student associations (institutes, dormitories). Observations and pedagogical

experiments show that students should take into account; self-selection techniques and methods of

work, time management, self-control, self-esteem, and self-management, since it is a prerequisite not

only for his career and success, but also for the development of students.

Next we conducted a research on the identity formation of students as future teachers of chemistry -

"self-regulation". Analysis of questionnaires on students' readiness for pedagogical activity revealed a

certain proportion of fear of the classroom. At the end of the teaching practice, students conducted a

final survey, which complements the written analysis of activities in the "Diary of pedagogical

practice." We noted that the teaching students: focuses on students' complex issues using a variety of

instructional techniques and elements of educational technology, used methodical organization of

feedback, motivated students, used more frequent demonstration of chemical experiments, etc. These

answers determine the relationship of the process of training in chemistry and self-development. But

practice shows that it is easier for a student to organize methodically good lessons, if you give him

quality introspection. Therefore, we focus on the correct organization of pedagogical reflection in

further pedagogical practices for chemistry teachers professional development (Kosmodemyanskaya

SS, Smirnov SP, 2015).

Thus, the gradual emergence of chemistry teachers, goes through self-education, and the

opportunity to build personal trajectory of success, contributes to a student's personality as a future

teacher of chemistry. In the second part of the study (2015) students of 1-4 courses of the Chemical

Institute named after .A.M.Butlerova at Kazan (Volga) Federal University, were involved, as well as

teachers of the Republic of Tatarstan schools. In total we had 140 respondents. According to

information received, an overwhelming number of students were willing to work with migrant

children, using bilingual learning, but that could not be said about the teachers

At the top mark, the work of chemistry teachers (in the simulation this situation) were rated by

32% - "4" and "3", respectively, by 37% and 24% of the respondents. The results of self-preparedness

to work with children of migrant teachers in RT schools were more objective: 29% of the respondents

gave "4" and "5" points - respectively, 24% and 23%. The main reason was noted by respondents, as a

result of ignorance of foreign languages (at a good conversational level, 60%).

We analyzed the responses of students and teachers of chemistry in RT schools and found that the

majority of respondents do not have sufficient methodological training for the use of bilingualism in its

educational activities in accordance with the new requirements of society. To address this, the

formation of the problem must be approached comprehensively, from the society. We suggest that this

work can be carried out at the school in the form of lesson discussions, lessons, games, movie analysis

etc. on chemistry lessons and outside school hours. You should also pay attention to special training for

teachers of chemistry to work with migrant children. For teachers with experience, there should be a

methodological training course in working with children from other countries. We suggest putting a

new criterion for the ownership of a foreign language (different level of ownership - with the

dictionary, so reading can be explained) in estimating the readiness of teachers to certification and

recertification. This, in turn, will contribute to the further development and establishment of self-

education for chemistry teachers.

Of particular importance is the psychological, pedagogical, and methodological preparation in the

framework of university education, which should not be limited to theoretical study materials. On the

methodological lessons to teach chemistry, we should consider using an element of introducing

bilingualism into the subject – chemistry, through creative tasks in preparation for the chemistry

lessons and extracurricular activities. It begins with the work of the first semester of the first course, in

the classroom for didactic games in teaching chemistry, as well as its development in the process of

preparing and carrying out extra-curricular activities in the framework of the traditional Festival of

Chemistry for students in the city of Kazan. The urgency of the problem determines the need for

further action for a smooth immersion of young teachers in bilingual learning chemistry environment.

We offer:

1. Implementing jobs in English chemistry lessons. In this case, the children will achieve some

success in chemistry and in the language, and the teacher self-develops, using a variety of teaching

methods. 2. To introduce the practice of the use of bilingual jobs for students coming from other

countries. 3. Enter the definition of the level of foreign language knowledge (different levels of

knowledge), as one of the criteria for teacher certification.

Analyzing the organization and conduct of teaching practice of students in chemistry, we concluded

that the small number of immigrant children in basic schools in Kazan, would be defined as a baseline

for the passage of pedagogical practice. The experience of chemistry lessons in the classroom, where

there are foreign students on exchange showed that, the students had their own programmes, and tried

to assimilate new materials in chemistry, based on these programmes. That is, these students were just

in the classroom, but occupied a separate programme. Our study reveals that, an increasing number of

foreign students studying in Russian universities, receive initial training on Russian language courses

before they commence study. But practice shows that the situation is different in the translation of

foreign nationals for 2 or 3 courses - the students often do not pass the exam on the Russian language.

Training for such multilingualism, accompanied by certain difficulties in understanding the teacher's

speech in the classroom, as well as in the performance of independent work on the study of the

discipline, leads to this failure. In our work, we use electronic educational resources (ESM) - "Methods

of training and education (in chemistry)", "The theory of teaching chemistry" and "Methods of

chemistry." Practice has shown that students do not always clearly understand the job that they need to

fulfill, and this also leads to a violation of the rules of time allotted for the study of the course topics.

The greatest difficulty is holding fragments of lessons and extra-curricular activities in chemistry, as

the need to demonstrate the ability to organize the work of "students" (at the moment - a group of

students) according to the plan drawn up, notes or routing chemistry lesson. In this demonstration

lessons, we took fragmental accounts of the following: the method of compliance with safety

regulations in carrying out chemical experiments demonstration; the ability to organize work with

students ( "feedback", pedagogical management, etc.); and the organization of work with elements of

variant learning tools; the ability to shape students' critical thinking and ACU (universal training

activities) in order to achieve the learning outcomes in meta-subjects. All of these criteria for self-

evaluation and evaluation by other students, designed an accordance for the modern requirements of

the teacher's professional standard (for the CRP and the GEF).

We noted that a special concern of foreign-language students is the language barrier that prevents

these students from feeling safe and comfortable during the lesson. The passage of students in

chemistry teaching practice, which according to the curriculum should take place in educational

institutions of Kazan, comes in two options - a student holds the teaching practice as usual (but the

lessons would be very arbitrary to force a certain uncertainty of the student in the formulation of

correct sentences in Russian), or a student leaves for his country (for example, Uzbekistan,

Turkmenistan, Tajikistan) to conduct lessons in a more comfortable environment. Our experience in

managing teaching practices in chemistry students; Specialty (5 years) and Bachelor's (4-year), showed

that students usually choose the second option for the passage of pedagogical practice. These students

are invited to make movies and lessons for further evaluation of their activities. Despite the fact that

students speak their own language (Uzbek, Turk-men, etc.). These movies are one of the basic elements

of the students reporting on the results of teaching practice for students multilingual passing practice,

on an individual schedule.

Thus, there is a need to develop bilingual chemistry teaching, for further self-education and self-

development as the students, future teachers of chemistry, and teachers themselves, should have a

certain experience (Kosmodemyanskaya SS, Darzemanova DL 2015). The method of teaching

chemistry in high school (Kosmodemyanskaya SS 2015), shows that young teachers holding

pedagogical management, solve the main issues for the structuring of the learning process of the

algorithm in the pedagogical practice of chemistry in accordance with the requirements of the new

generation of GEF. Self-development and self-improvement of the student includes the steps of:

• Training - the very preparation and conduction of chemistry lessons using technological

approach for intra- and inter-subject relationship, getting meta-subject learning outcomes in the study

of chemistry teaching material;

• Material and technical base - is the development and implementation and demonstration of

student chemical experiments, as well as the use of visibility systems (video clip, a multimedia

presentation, a virtual chemistry laboratory, 3D models, etc.);

• The use of innovation - using elements of modern educational technologies for the

construction of the memory materials in chemistry classes, holding pedagogical experiment for a more

complete correction of his activities, as a teacher, and researcher;

• Personnel analysis through the use of individually-differentiated approach to teaching

chemistry to motivate students for a full and in-depth study of science;

• Accounting - a relentless pedagogical activity of the teacher of chemistry to record and

analyze the quality of learning of students in chemistry.

Formation of critical thinking activity is defined as a factor in student readiness for the

teaching profession. Many researchers pay attention to the leading role of the evaluation of students

practice. Horny O.G. (2010) notes that the low level of organization of valuation practices, and the

absence of its cultural treatment and reflective results, do not give a proper student self-determination

in their professional activities.

5. Conclusions

The urgency of the problem determines the necessity of selecting complex further action for

self-development and self-improvement of students, future teachers of chemistry, through bilingual

education. To address this important for the formation of the problem must be approached

comprehensively, and to start from the society. We believe that this work can be carried out in schools

in the form of non-traditional occupations and types, with the additional program in the teaching of

chemistry. We should also pay attention to special training for teachers of chemistry to work with

migrant children. Teachers with experience should be introduced to methodological training courses in

working with children from other countries. Of particular importance is the psychological-pedagogical

and methodological preparation in the framework of university education, which should not be limited

to theoretical study material. Extracurricular activities carried out in Kazan schools in the framework of

the traditional Festival of Chemistry Department of Chemical Education Chemical Institute

im.A.M.Butlerova CFI (responsible - Kosmodemyanskaya SS), contribute to the development of

communicative competence of the future teachers of chemistry and student staff schools.

We came to the conclusion that, there is a special role played by the university human resource

capacity to create conditions conducive to increasing the desire of students, and future teachers of

chemistry to self-education and self-improvement in the language space. This is the basis for the

formation of personal methods of teaching chemistry, in accordance with the requirements of the GEF.

All this contributes to the proper organization of teaching self-management in a new generation of

GEF, forming the student portfolio as an alternative way of presenting his achievements (Sakhiev RG,

Gil'manshin SI Kosmodemyanskaya SS et al., 2015), and should be represented by; teaching mobility,

professional competence, commitment to effective work and self-development. All this creates a deeper

preparation of students as future teachers of chemistry in a new generation of state educational

standards.

Acknowledgments

The author expresses gratitude to the administration of Kazan (Volga) Federal University, for the opportunity to conduct this research.

References

  • Gil'manshin S.I. Sagitova R.N., Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Khalikova F.D., Oxalic N.G., Valitova G.F., Motorygina N.S.. Professional Thinking Formation Features of Prospective Natural Science Teachers Relying on the Competence-Based Approach Review of European Studies Vol 7, No 3 (2015) R.341-349ISSN 1918-7173 (Print) ISSN 1918-7181 (Online) DOI: 10.5539 / res.v7n3p341 Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the Organizing Committee of the conference

  • Gil'manshin S.I. Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Khalikov F.D., Sklar D.P., Vagizova I.F. Value-oriented targets in the higher pedagogical education: the development of creative qualities of the future teachers of chemistry International Journal of Experimental Education. Number 4. 2014 s.83-84.Horny O.G. Professional-pedagogical orientation of the profile disciplines of teacher training Bulletin of the Herzen University. №1 (75). 2010 s.93-98.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Formation of the success of the future teachers of chemistry in the conditions of pedagogical university. Author. diss. for the degree of Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, 2007. 38 p.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Kudryavtsev Y.U. Pedagogical consciousness as a factor in the development of chemistry teachers skills in the process of training Kazan science. Number 3. 2014. s.12-15.Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Electronic educational resources and case technology as a means of formation of the future teachers of chemistry Bulletin of Kazan Technological University. - T.17, №17. 2014. s.281-284.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. From a successful student - a successful teacher. Kazan pedagogical journal. № 5 (47). 2006. p. 31-36.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Using the principle of integrity of education in the training of teachers of chemistry. International Journal of Experimental Education. Number 4. 2014. s.139-141.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Self-education and self-development of the student as the basis of formation of the person of the future teacher of chemistry. Education and self-development. № 1 (39). 2013. s.157-161.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Future teachers of chemistry and polilingvalnost Mat. Internat. scientific-practical. Conf. «Academic science - problems and achievements». Vol.1, CreateSpace 4900 LaCross Road, North Charleston, SC, USA, 2015.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Formation of pedagogical management and self-management in the preparation of the teacher of chemistry Kazan pedagogical journal. 6 № (101). 2013 s.61-66.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Petrovа E.I. Methodical features of training the young teacher for the lesson of chemistry. Mat. Internat. scientific-practical. Conf. Ufa. 2014. 219 p.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Valievа B.H. Readiness of the future teachers of chemistry to inclusive education Mat. Proc. scientific-practical. Conf. Kazan, 2015. 196 p.

  • Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. Darzemanova D.L. Analysis of training of the future teachers of chemistry to work with migrant children. Internationalscientific review of the problems and prospects of modern science and education. London. № 8 (9). 2015. 79 pKosmodemyanskaya S.S., Smirnov S.P.Samoobrazovanie future teacher of chemistry. Issues of social work and professionalism of a teacher in the information society Materials of the international scientific conference. 2015. Prague. 95 p Kosmodemyanskaya S.S. The development of self-education of the future teacher of chemistry through its formation of pedagogical management. Sat. scientific. articles. Brest (Belarus). 2015 s.75-78.Lapin E.V. Mezinov V.N., Obukhov L.A. Theoretical and methodological foundations for the development of professionally significant values in the system of teacher training. Eurasian Union of Scientists, №10 - 4 (19). 2015.

  • Osipov P.N. Education and self-education of competitive specialists as a priority of modern education Bulletin of Kazan Technological University. №16. 2013. p. 198-204.

  • Shafrikova A.V. Multicultural approach in training and educating students Abstract. - Kazan, 2008. - 26 p.

  • Osipov P.N. Ziyatdinova YN Managing the internationalization of education at the institutional level Education and self-development. №9. 2015.s. 4-14.

  • Razumovsky V.G. The scientific method of knowledge and personal orientation of education Pedagogy. Number 6. 2004. p. 3-10Sakhiev R.G., Gil'manshin S.I., Gil'manshin I.R., Kosmodemyanskaya S.S., Akchurina I.R., Sagitova R.N. A Portfolio as an Alternative Means of Presenting the University Student? S Achievements / / Asian Social Science; Vol. 11, No. 3; 2015. P. 162-167. ISSN 1911-2017 (Print) E-ISSN 1911-2025 (Online). DOI: 10.5539 / ass.v11n3p162-167.

  • Stepanenko E.V. The approaches to the organization of educational process for foreign citizens with higher education, at the stage of pre-university training International scientific review № 3 (4), 2015., S.57-59

Copyright information

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

About this article

Publication Date

20 July 2016

eBook ISBN

978-1-80296-011-2

Publisher

Future Academy

Volume

12

Print ISBN (optional)

-

Edition Number

1st Edition

Pages

1-451

Subjects

Teacher, teacher training, teaching skills, teaching techniques, organization of education, management of education, FLT, language, language teaching theory, language teaching methods

Cite this article as:

Kosmodemyanskaya, S. S. (2016). Self-Development of the Future Teacher of Chemistry, through Bilingual Education, in Accordance with New Requirements of Professional Standards. In & R. Valeeva (Ed.), Teacher Education - IFTE 2016, vol 12. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 322-329). Future Academy. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.07.51