This study analyses some aspects of the Chinese government's national policy towards the ethnic minority of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in the 2000s. The object of the study is Uighurs, who make up about half of the autonomous region's population, and the subject is the methods and specific measures of the central and regional governments in relation to the Turkic-speaking population of Xinjiang. Being the largest region of the People's Republic of China, the XUAR region is extremely important from the point of view of the energy and raw material base, agricultural, trade and infrastructure development and of geopolitical significance. At the same time, it is the most unstable and turbulent region of China, where a significant part of the population seeks self-determination based on the principles of real and broad national and cultural autonomy. At the same time, some representatives of ethnic minorities adhere to the positions of extremism and terrorism. To a certain extent, we can talk about the problem of clashes between Chinese and Islamic civilizations. In these circumstances, Beijing's policy towards the XUAR has been tightening in recent years. In the second decade of the XXI century, the Chinese Government has taken unprecedented measures to implement not only total control and surveillance but also re-education camps for unreliable Uighurs. Together, the PRC's policy is aimed at assimilating the Uighurs and Sinicizing them.
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03 June 2022
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Buyarov, D. V. (2022). Some Aspects Of China's National Policy In Xinjiang In Xxi Century. In & N. G. Bogachenko (Ed.), AmurCon 2021: International Scientific Conference, vol 126. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 192-203). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.06.22