Currently, the provision of charitable assistance in the Russian Federation is reaching a new level. Russia has formed a unique centuries-old experience of providing assistance to those in need. Historically, most of the charitable activities, up to the 1917 revolution, lay with the Russian Orthodox Church, which was regulated by a number of relevant legal and regulatory sources. After the October Revolution, the system of charity and patronage was in decline for several decades. Only since the 1990s, positive changes have begun to take place. This article highlights the issues of charitable activities and patronage in various historical epochs, examines certain issues of the economic and legal essence of the phenomenon of charity, the formation and development of the institution of charity in the city of Michurinsk (Kozlov), Tambov region of the Russian Federation (Tambov province). The paper analyzes modern problems of development and legal regulation of charitable activities. An attempt is made to formulate proposals for changing the current legislation, allowing one, from the point of view of the authors, to direct the efforts of philanthropists to solve urgent problems of the social, spiritual and economic spheres of public life. This allows considering charity in accordance with its traditional nature as an institution for providing gratuitous assistance to people and organizations in need. The study showed that currently the legal regulation of charitable activities requires some changes and improvements. It is necessary to reform the legal framework aimed at strengthening the institution of charity in its traditional sense.
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31 March 2022
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Belyakova, S. V., Rudneva, N. I., Kolotova, A. S., & Fedotov, A. N. (2022). Economic And Legal Essence Of Charity: Look Into The Past And Modernity. In & I. Savchenko (Ed.), Freedom and Responsibility in Pivotal Times, vol 125. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 228-239). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.03.29