In recent years the active computerization in all spheres of society has led to digitalization and globalization of crime with new distant methods and mechanisms for committing various types of crimes. This leaves digital footprints of criminal activity in computer memory and other electronic devices and networks, as well as in distributed information storage systems. Electronic digital footprints are left and stored in the memory of information technology devices. The forensic value of distributed storage systems and cloud services is difficult to overestimate. Law enforcement agencies deal with these types of storing information in cases of copyright infringement, as well as illegal distribution of certain content: child pornography, extremist materials, and so on. Blockchain and blockchain-based cryptocurrency (bitcoin) are widely used for illegal financial schemes through the Darknet. Meanwhile law enforcement agencies are often poorly familiar with the feature set of distributed information storage systems. In order to ensure effective counteraction to digital global crimes, activities of law enforcement agencies should be provided with electronic communication technologies. Forensic science, designed to promote a high-quality fight against crime through the development and implementation of various tools, techniques and methods, in this regard, requires a significant digital transformation, which will provide an innovative approach to the detection, investigation and prevention of crimes. All sections of criminology are subject to these changes. These statements prove the relevance of this study, setting theoretical and applied provisions and recommendations aimed at further development of forensic science and improving the effectiveness of countering modern digital crime.
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20 January 2022
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Shapiro, L. G., Gvozdeva, I. S., Savelyeva, M. V., & Smushkin, A. B. (2022). Digital Present And Future Of Forensic Science. In S. Afanasyev, A. Blinov, & N. Kovaleva (Eds.), State and Law in the Context of Modern Challenges, vol 122. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 546-552). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.01.87