Constitutional Of The Healthcare Model In Russia And The Usa


Currently, there are various models of constitutional legal regulation of healthcare systems in the world. They are characterized by a different degree of involvement of the state and non-state institutions in the process of providing the necessary medical care to the population. There are three main models: (a) when the state prevails in this sector, (b) when medical services are provided mainly by non-state structures, (c) when the state and non-state institutions are represented in this sector in almost equal proportions. The authors focus on comparing two models of healthcare systems that have the maximum differences. This makes it possible to highlight positive and negative characteristics of diametrically opposite phenomena of public life and identify those aspects of constitutional legal regulation, which are better implemented. Therefore, in this paper much attention is paid not only to the analysis of the legal norms related to the constitutional regulation of the issue under consideration, but also to its practical aspect. This issue has become particularly topical during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study of the models of the private healthcare system in the USA and the mixed model of Russia also allows tracing the capabilities of each of them in developing the strategy of combatting the new virus and implementing guarantees of the basic human right recognized by the international community. The authors consider some problematic aspects of functioning of both models, analyse their features, try to find the roots of such problems and give recommendations for improving their constitutional and legal regulation.

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20 January 2022

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Khizhnyak, V. S., & Otstavnova, E. A. (2022). Constitutional Of The Healthcare Model In Russia And The Usa. In S. Afanasyev, A. Blinov, & N. Kovaleva (Eds.), State and Law in the Context of Modern Challenges, vol 122. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 290-297). European Publisher.