Covid-19 Pandemic As An Uncertain Situation: Behavioural Coping Among Students


Uncertainty has been one of the key characteristics of COVID-19 Pandemic, especially at the initial part. Different aspects of the situation were uncertain: from probable duration of the pandemic, treatment, and prevention methods to the length of the restrictive measures and their economic impact. Uncertainty of the situation as well as rapid soсial changes contributed to increased stress levels and impaired psychological functioning. The purpose of the study was to investigate behavioural coping on self-isolation among student with different levels of situational life satisfaction. 100 students (59% female, 41% male) aged 17 to 27 (M =19.4, SD=1.48) from Saint-Petersburg State Transport University, Russia, participated in the qualitative study. The authors’ questionnaire was applied. The questionnaire included questions on what changes have taken place in participants lives, and what they lacked in self-isolation and what they were doing to make up for this lack. Participants rated their situational life satisfaction level on a 7-point Likert scale. Results have shown that behavioral coping with the situation was focused on mutual social support, care for participants’ health and physical form, self-development, self-organization, taking care of the home and running the household. Running the household was applied only by students with a high and average level of situational life satisfaction. And self-organization was applied exclusively by students with a high level of situational life satisfaction which demonstrates that these forms of coping make important contribution to situational life satisfaction. Self-organization was accompanied with feelings of joy, freedom, and control over one’s life.

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