Determination Of Priority Areas For The Creation Of World-Class Scientific Centers
In this study, the author shows the need to create new world-class scientific centers in addition to those already created within the framework of the national project "Science". In the course of the study, a bibliometric analysis of the data of the Web of Science Incites system was carried out, according to the results of which the top 25 scientific areas with the largest number of publications in the world in 5 years were identified, the so-called world scientific fronts. Further, the world top 25 was compared with a similar Russian rating and the general highest priority areas were highlighted. In addition, the author compiled a Russian rating of publications with the highest citation rate “hot papers”. This rating showed in which areas in Russia the most relevant articles are published, which in turn indicates the presence of highly qualified scientists in these areas in our country. Comparing the ratings obtained, the author of the article identified priority areas for the creation of world-class scientific centers, excluding the areas for which the centers have already been created. Further, the author showed the commercial potential of scientific results that can be obtained in the selected areas by building a rating of technological areas by the number of patents issued in the world and on the territory of Russia and distributing them according to the selected scientific areas.
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