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Labour Migration In Africa: Management Capacity For Sustainable Development

Table 1: Migration influence on socio-economic development

Arguments for the migration potential use: Arguments against the migration potential use:
1. The government is interested in the immigrants’ labour force use, as in the long run this brings profit to the economy (for example, in large infrastructure facilities construction). 1. Growth of the informal sector activity parallel to the local unemployment rise (due to the fact, that migrants as a cheaper labor force crowd out local residents, depriving them of their earnings).
2. Private companies pay more taxes to the state and wages to workers. The state receives tax revenues. As a result, it should develop and implement social programs. 2. Different forms of labour immigrants’ discrimination (especially, social services absence, such as medicine, education, housing etc.).
3. The informal sector enterprises can be transformed into legal form and pay official taxes to the state. 3. Young immigrants’ unemployment, many of whom are NEETS (according to OECD: no education, employment, training, skills), negatively affects the state of society as a whole, leading, in particular, to the increase in the level of youth crime.
4. Migrants’ employment allows them to transfer earned money to their homeland, which supports their families and at the same time replenishes budget revenues. 4. The negative attitude of many African governments towards immigrants (both illegal and legalized migrants).
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