Labour Migration In Africa: Management Capacity For Sustainable Development


The article examines the peculiarities of labour migration policy in Africa at the continental, regional and national level and its influence on the sustainable development. The process of migration is supported and guided by the joint efforts of African states through the “Revised Migration Policy Framework for Africa” and the Action Plan (2018-2027), containing recommendations on migration management for African Union (AU) member states and regional economic communities (RECs). Rapidly increasing intra-African labour migration has the potential to stimulate structural transformation in host countries and accelerate their economic growth. Some advanced RECs, primarily ECOWAS and EAC, need the formalization of free labour movement between member-states. Meanwhile, despite the appropriate agreements, difficulties remain in their practical application due to inconsistencies with national rules. The case studies, such as Kenya, demonstrate the social and economic risks for all participants of intraregional migration process, especially in sectors with low-skilled employment. The sustainable development is becoming the most important task for the African countries, mainly by creating appropriate jobs and raising workers’ qualifications, including migrants.

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