The article talks about the introduction of critical thinking technology at "Ecology" classes in educational institutions of higher education. The methodical development of the lesson using the "Six Hats of Thinking method" by Eduard de Bono, implemented at the Siberian Federal University and the Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia during a practical (seminar) lesson in the field of Ecology is presented. The advantage of using this format is that mindfulness develops - students are fixed on various aspects. The psychological role-playing game disturbs the usual way of thinking and decision-making to the brain. It is based on the consideration of the problem from different angles. The essence of this method is that the colour of the hat at each stage of the game sets the direction of the discussion for the participants in a single direction. The teacher gives students a specific task - to state the facts or express their opinion, depending on what colour the hat is in the group. In this case, hats act as metaphors that indicate the direction of the discussion. This method is applicable in the educational process of these higher education institutions for the first time. The final test control showed high results in the development of new material in practical exercises. The effectiveness of the application of the Six Hats of Thinking method has been proven by Siberian Federal University and Rescue Academy State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia.
Keywords: Pedagogical methodsix-hat-thinkingecology
Russian third-generation federal state general education standards higher professional education (including 3+ and 3 ++) provide for the implementation of training sessions not only in traditional, but also in interactive forms. At the same time, the presence of interactive classes is determined by both the main educational program and the content of specific disciplines.
Analysis of the curricula of the discipline "Ecology" implemented in the Siberian Federal University at Hotel business, Product’s technology and catering major and "Ecology and Environmental Monitoring" of Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia for the Technosphere safety major showed good comparability within the framework of the thematic lesson plan of the sections on the basics of rational nature management (Table
It is seen from the data presented in the table, the amount of practical sessions on the basic principles of environmental management in Siberian Federal University includes 4 academic hours (2 sessions) and in Siberian fire-saving Academy it includes 6 academic hours (3 sessions) that allows holding at least one session devoted to the problem of waste disposal in the form of an interactive form with a panel discussion.
Development and implementation of interactive teaching methods - the method of "Six Thinking Hats" of Edward de Bono is used in practical classes on "Basics of environmental management". The choice of this method is due to the fact that it is one of the simple and practical ways of obtaining practical thinking skills for the objective perception of information, its understanding and analysis, which contributes to the formation of a special thinking style, which is characterized as understanding the ambiguity of points of view, as well as flexibility, reflexivity, openness.
The paper gives the information about the environmental program of Solechnogorskiy district, Moscow region which is implemented jointly with the company «Coca Cola Hellenic» (presentation - 13 slides).
Purpose of the Study
The topic of the lesson is “Basic principles of rational nature management: household waste”.
The purpose of the lesson is to consolidate the knowledge of the cadets and students gained in the lectures of the discipline "Ecology" (Section: "Basic principles of rational environmental management") using interactive forms of training. The purpose of this study also includes the choice of a solution to the problem under consideration, the development of its own solution ( Mushtavinskaya, 2004).
Each higher education institution has made a selection of two groups of students: the control (conducting classes using the method of problem-based learning "round table") one and the experimental one. The number of students in the group ranged from 15 to 20 people ( Kontorusova et al., 2016). The implementation of classes using the method of "Six Thinking Hats" of Edward de Bono is shown in Table
The consideration and decision-making take place in the course of work of the teacher, who plays a leading role. The teacher may suggest changing the hat. At the end of the lesson, the teacher analyzes and evaluates the work of the group. The reflection stage was carried out in the form of test control at the next lesson.
The main findings are described in Table
Using such format of interactive teaching methods as the method of "Six Thinking Hats" of Edward de Bono promotes such abilities as the formulation of ideas, the ability to listen and to delve into the ideas of comrades who participate in the group to carry out a reasoned critique not only of others, but as well as of the students’ own ideas ( Khutorskoy, 2012).
Thus, the organization of the learning process, using the method considered, is more focused on the creative perception of the problem, the development of creative imagination, the ability to improve ideas and create objective prerequisites for the development of creativity among students ( Kapin, 2017; Zaitsev et al., 2019).
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21 October 2020
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Economics, social trends, sustainability, modern society, behavioural sciences, education
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Pervyshina, G. G., Boyarinova, S. P., Koval, Y. N., & Dolgushina, L. V. (2020). Introducing The Technology Of Critical Thinking On The Ecology Course For Education. In I. V. Kovalev, A. A. Voroshilova, G. Herwig, U. Umbetov, A. S. Budagov, & Y. Y. Bocharova (Eds.), Economic and Social Trends for Sustainability of Modern Society, vol 90. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 687-691). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2020.10.03.80