In this article we aim to show you how Triple-P positive parenting program is applied in a preventive Mother- Father- Child type Clinic, over a period of three weeks. The article describes the concept and importance of the Triple-P positive parenting program and shows us the satisfaction of the participants at the training. The Triple-P positive parenting program, is an internationally evaluated and recognized program developed in Australia by professor doctor Sanders and his team. One of the goals of the program is to optimize the relationship between the parent and the child, which is also one of the preventive clinic goals, supporting families to develop a close relationship between them, in an organized way under professional observation. The preventive clinic is a private one, being supported by the health insurance system. The parental Triple-P program has been adapted and integrated into the structure of the clinic as a part of the clinic program. Parent education is very important nowadays. Given the flow of information about parenting, the momentum of technology, the modern world we live in, it seems necessary to focus our attention on a well-built parenting program, like Triple-P and to develop interfamilial relationship. How high is the satisfaction of the participants to the program?
Can a parental education take preventive action to address possible children behavioural problems? Can a parental training reinforce or increase parents' parenting skills and abilities?
A National Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) shows us that about 20% of children and young people surveyed present behavioural and emotional development problems. This study also shows the causes of the development of behavioural problems. These may be of a genetic, family or social nature. Family causes weigh a lot in this matter. When parents show inconvenient behaviour, they have a inconstant parental style creating conflicts in the family's breast, among its members. All this can influence the well-being of children (Ravens-Sieberer, Wille, Bettge, & Erhart, 2007).
Numerous institutions in different fields of work, use the Triple-P program model. The name Triple-P comes from the three "P" Positive Parenting Program. This educational program was developed more than 30 years ago in Australia at the University of Queensland. The program is recognized worldwide, with great success. Triple-P is applied to parents with children starting at 1 year of age (Triple-P Positive Parenting Program, n.d.). Some aspects of the educational program should still be used early. The purpose of the program is to help parents "grow a new generation" (Sanders, 1999).
This Triple-P educational program helps parents to strengthen their parenting skills and abilities. It also helps them to strengthen their relationship with them and their children.
The Triple-P Educational Program is made up of a multitude of materials: brochures, lectures, lectures, all designed, developed and developed for the needs of each parent (see Table
The program is flexible, customer-centred and permanently accustomed. The effectiveness of this internationally recognized educational program can be found in various studies.
Professor Hahlweg is one of those who helped implement the program on German territory. The studies show an increase in parental abilities, an increase in family life satisfaction and a decrease in child behavioural problems (as cited in Naumann, Kuschel, Bertram, Heinrichs, & Hahlweg, 2007).
Can a parental education be a key in parenting nowadays?
Being a parent means a challenge and a responsibility at the same time. Not every mother or father feels competent from the very beginning in the parental role and seeks advice and support from educational counsellors (Smolka, 2004).
Often not the lack of knowledge and good parenting is a difficulty, but the application of knowledge in certain key situations in everyday life.
In the evolution of the child from the beginning, but also in the course of time, parents encounter all sorts of challenges. Not every time they react the same or just as well. Parents ask a lot of questions, such as: “How should I react when my child has a hysterical crisis, does not listen, does not want to eat, opposes, complains, etc.?”.
Triple-P offers a range of information in the form of brochures, videos, books, handbooks for parents and lectures. All of this is geared to the needs of the parents. Depending on the first anamnesis, the parents' needs, the desired intensity (see Table
The 5 Basic Principles of Positive Education after Triple-P
For a good growth and development, without punishment or domestic violence, for a stronger relationship between parents and children Triple-P offers five basic principles as follows:
A safe and quiet atmosphere
A positive and stimulating atmosphere for learning
Consistent behaviour by parents.
Meeting your personal needs
Children need a quiet, safe and exciting atmosphere for good development. In this environment they also need a stimulating and positive atmosphere in which to learn new things. Consistent behaviour by parents teaches children what is allowed or what is not allowed to do. If parents' expectations are realistic and parents also listen to their own needs, the education itself becomes easier.
Factors that lead to behavioural problems
Factors that lead to behavioural problems come not only from one direction, they can be a sum of biological, family or social factors.
Genetic Factors: Children can inherit from parents not only eye, hair, or skin colour. They can also acquire their own way of thinking, behavioural tendencies or maybe emotional feelings.
Familiar Environment: Children's development is also influenced by what's happening in the family. Families produce a series of learning processes that cause children to develop behavioural problems or vice versa.
Social environment: This category includes the following factors: friends, kindergarten, school and last but not least, the mass media. Children record what they see with the media, they assume certain behaviours, certain scenes, that they replay (Bandura, Ross, & Ross, 1963).
Is it always possible for a parent to combine all the daily challenges? Family life, work, social life?
For parents who feel exhausted or feel no longer able to cope with daily challenges, there is the possibility of relaxing, recovering and recharging batteries in a so-called Mother- Father and Child Clinic.
The clinic combines parents' requirements and needs through different programs.
Parents can take part in educational counselling, psychological, medical, nutrition, etc.
The Triple-P program sits on the educational side, which was adapted to the time spent by the parents in the clinic, namely three weeks. In these three weeks, parents can take part in short counselling and group training.
At the end of each group intervention, parents receive the CSQ questionnaire, Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire, adaptation after Eyberg (1993).
A total of 17 educational strategies, offered by the Triple-P educational program, were presented to parents in a Mother- Father and Child Clinic for a three-week period. The parents were trained every week in educational strategies.
These positive educational strategies are divided into four main categories, as shown in Table
Analyses and Findings
CSQ, Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire, is a questionnaire that measures the customer's satisfaction with the educational program during the stay in the clinic.
A number of 36 parents who participated in Triple-P group trainings during 03.2017-09.2017 were asked about their satisfaction with the Triple-P program whit the help of CSQ Questionnaire.
All 36 participants responded fully to the questions in the questionnaire.
97% of the parents rated the program as "extraordinary". They were pleased with the quality of the program they provided.
93% of the parents were satisfied with the aid received.
To the question "To what extent did the program respond to your needs?" 95% said they were pleased with the offered parental program, saying that most needs were met. With the program in general, 98% of the participants were satisfied. They rated personal satisfaction as the highest possible rating.
A further 98% would once again appeal to the Triple-P program if needed. The main question raised by this article, the parent’s satisfaction with participating to the Triple-P program, can be marked as answered.
- Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). Information of film-mediated aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66(1), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0048687
- Eyberg, S. M. (1993). Consumer satisfaction measures for evaluating parent training programs. In L. VandeCreek, S. Knapp, & T. L. Jackson (Eds.), Innovations in Clinical Practice: A source book. 12. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press
- Naumann, S., Kuschel, A., Bertram, H., Heinrichs, N., & Hahlweg, K. (2007). Förderung der Elternkompetenz durch Triple-P Elterntrainings. Praxis der Kinderpshychologie und Kinderpshychiatrie. [Promotion of parental competence through Triple P parent training practice of Child Psychology and Child Psychiatry], 56(8), 676-690.
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Wille, N., Bettge, S., & Erhart, M. (2007). Psychische Gesundheit von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland. [Mental health of children and adolescents in Germany]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz. [Federal Health Gazette - Health Research - Health Protection], 50(5-6), 871. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-007-0250-6
- Sanders, M. R. (1999). The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: Towards an empirically validated multilevel parenting and family support strategy for the prevention of behavioural and emotional problems in children. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2(2), 71.
- Smolka, A. (2004). Beratungsbedarf und Informationsstrategien im Erziehungsalltag. Ergebnisse einer Elternbefragung in Nürnberg zum Thema Familienbildung und Elterninformation. [Counselling and Information Strategies Daily Education. Results of a parents' survey in Nuremberg on family education and parent information]. Nuremberg, Germany: University Library Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Triple-P Positive Parenting Program (n.d.). Retrieved from www.triplep.de
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17 June 2020
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Teacher, teacher training, teaching skills, teaching techniques, special education, children with special needs
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Botarel, E. I. (2020). Triple-P A Major Key In Parenting Nowadays. In & V. Chis (Ed.), Education, Reflection, Development – ERD 2019, vol 85. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 78-83). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2020.06.8