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Factors Which Increase The Quality Of Learning Mathematics In Primary School

Table 1:

The traditional manual The modern manual
- the selection of contents is rigid, from which it follows a set of fixed information and an academic treatment of subjects - the selection of contents is permissive, from which it follows a set of variable information, in which the teacher and the pupil have free space of creation
- the information is presented as an standardized interpretation, closed, universal and self-sufficient;- the information constitutes a purpose in itself. - the information is presented so that to stimulate alternative interpretations;- information is a means for the training of skills, values and attitudes.
- provides a way of learning that involves memorization and reproduction. - offers a way of learning which involves understanding and explanation.
- represents a mechanism for the formation of an ideological knowledge-type - represents a mechanism which stimulates the critical thinking.
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