Controversies Regarding The Sportsmen Access To National Championships Podium In Romania
The research identified and analysed four controversies linked to the Romanian performance sports, which present both positive and negative aspects that characterise the adaptation process of the contemporary Romanian society to the European community ideals. The decrease of Romania’s Olympic performances cannot be attributed to participant sportsmen, but to the antiquated sports system in Romania, within which specialists carry a great responsibility. In Romania sport is a dynamic sector, with a rapid development and a more and more significant macroeconomic impact; within it, mass sports has a sure development while performance sports manifests a light drawback. Taking into consideration that Romania has never had developed mass sports, we can anticipate a revival of performance sports in the future. As far as present negative connotations of the Romanian sports system are concerned, the research analysed issues connected to the decrease of the number of performance sportsmen, the increase of doping cases, poor school training of performance sportsmen, the declining status of performance sportsman. In final, author suggested the reasonable solution for this bed aspects.
Keywords: Performance sportsmendopingsports systemnational championships
Sport represents an especially complex social phenomenon, influencing human personality
through the values it promotes. The basic research was prompted by the European community’s statement
regarding the acknowledgement of the values generated by practising sports: team spirit, solidarity,
tolerance, fair play, personal fulfilment and development, competence, determination, commitment, non-
violence, all these being, nonetheless, influenced by changeable issues such as culture and society
(2007).Over the years, Romania has won the respect of other nations
by exceptional sports results and great human personalities. Present Olympic results alongside the
scandals linked to the Romanian sport, require firm measures in the Romanian sports system.
Subjects and Methods
În this study were investigate Sportsmen engaged in the Romanian performance sports and used
study of specialty literature, hermeneutics, case study, statistical and mathematical analysis
Findings and Data Interpretation
The research is focused on identifying and analysing 4 controversial situations which encumber
the Romanian performance sports at the beginning of an Olympic cycle (3.1-3.4):
More and More Elaborated and Diversified Championships Versus Inefficient Selection of Talented People Able to Outstand Internationally
Over the last decade, sports federations in Romania increased the number of national competitions
due to sports diversification, the emergence of new sports branches, the acknowledgement of national
championships for more age categories (especially for children), as well as due to the implementation of
scarce sports training strategies. These have a positive effect by fostering the motivation of sportsmen and
trainers, but they decrease the performance relevance in spite of the fact that the number of sportsmen
stagnates or decreases. Table
sportsmen and the number of medals brought into play in national championships (abbreviated RSM), for
sports federations in Romania, which support Olympic sports
Results in Table
whose championship has a pyramidal structure of competitions for categories of age or level of training.
Within non-professional team sports, there outstands handball with a high value report, the top being
ended by volleyball, case in which we can resume that a medal is brought into play (a place on the
national podium) for every 2-3 competing teams (a team having approximately 15 members).
competition between 11 sportsmen, whereas in the case of sports such as weightlifting and swimming,
each sportsman has ensured, on average, approximately 2 medals! Out of the concrete situations
presented in Tables
the tops), obtaining national medals is far from being relevant.
Motivation through official medal normally acts as an activator (Quantix Marketing Consulting,
2014)but also creates an access to somehow-not-deserved sports allowances and gratifications, which, in
some cases, has become a scope in itself for some trainers and sportsmen. The Romanian state issued
laws aimed at supporting and compensating the sportive effort, absolutely necessary in a country in which
the rate of absolute poverty is of 24,6% (Eurostat, 2016), and access to performance sport is perceived by
its citizens as being very low (Institutul Român pentru Evaluare și Strategie –IRES, 2016). Therefore,
while the lack of material, financial or logistic resources is often mentioned by top Romanian sportsmen,
a part of these resources is spent undeservedly on sportsmen without real perspectives of becoming
The decrease of the number of sportsmen registered in the competition national system, was also
generated by national politics, which proved its inefficiency over time, recalling in this respect the
phenomenon of ‘multiple legitimation’. By multiple legitimation a larger and larger number of national
sports structures were represented in the internal competition calendar by a smaller and smaller number of
sportsmen. This national innovation, which seems somehow justified by the necessity of increasing
resources, affects, nowadays, the healthy outstanding of sports structures, covers the lack of activity of
many specialists and even favours fraud, through discounting the same services by various structures, for
the same sportsman and the same actions.
Honesty and Fairness of Sports Victory Versus Proved Doping
Nowadays, fraud is more obvious than ever in Romanian society. The show of proving financial,
electoral, intellectual and many other kinds of fraud is a daily, habitual fact in the contemporary
Romanian society. When the society elite defrauds, the consequences in collective culture are easy to
infer. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Romanian sport was also contaminated by this calamity, by
proving doping in sports for which Romania used to hold international respect and esteem.
Doping undermines the principle of open and fair competition, represents a discouraging factor for
practising sports, in general, and exposes the sportsmen to an unjustified stress. This touches significantly
the sports image and seriously affects the sportsmen health (Agentia Nationala Anti-Doping, 2016). This
national organism claims that ’Corruption and proved doping represent a true tragedy for sports and for
sportsmen all over the world’ mentioning the ‘necessity of changing mentalities’ since ‘proved doping
stains irremediably the image of the incriminated nations’.
At the Olympic Games 2016, Romania outstood by the multitude of proved doping cases at sports
in which our country used to excel, such as kayak-canoe, athletism and weightlifting, creating irritation
and frustration among other competitors (Dragomir, 2016). The exclusion from the Olympic competition
in Rio 2016 of the entire Romanian team of kayak-canoe causes hard-to-imagine losses of image,
alongside the irretrievable losses of the sportsmen in question. These may be anytime entitled to accuse
the sports system for generating such a situation. This thing happened in spite of the fact that Romania
assumed the obligation of aligning with the international politics in this field, adopting normative acts
(Legea 227, 2006)and initiating national manifestations such as ‘Clean Sport Day’ ‘No to doping’,
creating competent organisms such as Anti-Doping National Agency – ANAD.
Practicing Performance Sports, Versus Bad Results in Learning
Sports and physical education represent in the European Community’s view essential elements for
carrying out a high quality education, forming at the same time a way of increasing the degree of school
attendance and attractiveness. Through the role it holds in formal and non-formal education, sport
contributes to enriching human capital at a European level. The values sent by sport help to develop
knowledge, motivation, skills and preparation for individual effort. With a view to ensure the
reintegration of professional sportsmen on the labour market at the end of their sports career, the
European Commission highlights the importance of early creating a ‘double career’ for sportsmen by
involving some local training centres of high professionalism, capable of protecting the moral,
educational and professional interests of these young people (Comisia Europenană, 2007).
Sportsmen make constantly a lot of effort, thus reducing their free time. In Romania the effects of
practising sports in diminishing school performance is augmented by the school system which is mostly
based on the student’s additional effort. Thus, sportsmen students in Romania do not usually keep up with
school requirements, because in their free time they practise sport or have a rest after practising it. The
existence of sportsmen students in schools creates, in Romania, more problems than reasons to be proud
of, as it would be normal. While in civilised countries all school units hunt valuable sportsmen, granting
them a series of facilities, in Romania sportsmen students are being ignored or artificially helped to
graduate. The multitude of cases in which Romanian sportsmen students do not succeed in passing the
Baccalaureate examination, testify their low school preparation level. Most of the times this aspect
decisively influences the subsequent level of young sportsmen success in life.
The improvement of these aspects may be done by carrying out stronger connections between
school and sports structures, by identifying some common motives of acknowledging the sportsmen
students value, by increasing the role of school physical education teachers in the sports system and last
but not least, by growing awareness of trainers as far as their own sportsmen learning process is
Performance Sportsman – Idol and Model Versus Handicap in Social Integration
In the European community’s view, sport should have an important contribution to economic and
social cohesion, as well as in forming better integrated societies, and all UE inhabitants shall have access
to sport (Comisia Europenană, 2007). The European trend shows that sport is a dynamic sector, with a
rapid development and an underestimated macro-economic impact.
Because of the Romanian society’s lateness in growing old in comparison to some European
countries, the sportsmen status may seem to be declining in our contemporary society. In Romania there
are many parents who advise their children to study more to the detriment of physical activities and there
is a great lack of interest for PE classes (Quantix Marketing Consulting, 2014). Although, in general,
sport has positive associations in the society, there are also cases in which the pride of being a sportsman
has begun to become a complex. In a society which does not have a sufficiently developed sports culture,
the performance sportsman is rather perceived as a victim than as a winner, idol or model, reason for
which s/he is neither envied nor copied. The sportsman tends to be seen by his fellows as an unavailable
individual (because he is usually at his/her training sessions), he/she socialises with greater difficulty,
he/she lacks certain cultural elements, he/she develops quite few opportunities of having a fulfilled life
and this is probably why, at present, children are in general encouraged to practise swimming for pleasure
and not for performance (Quantix Marketing Consulting. 2014).
These aspects of collective perception could be drastically increased when the society members
will practice sports to a greater extent. Direct implication in sport, and we mean practising it, fosters a
deeper understanding,be it by own experiences or by the opinions of those with whom the citizen
interacts. Alongside with the increase of the civilisation level in the society, poeple shall understand the
profound implications which sports may have in their lives over health, fostering passions, fulfiling
ideals, overcoming self limits, having a harmonious life style and, thus, probably they shall value in a
superior way the performance sportsman
The research identified and analysed four controversies linked to the Romanian performance
sports, which present both positive and negative aspects that characterise the adaptation process of the
contemporary Romanian society to the European community ideals.
The decrease of Romania’s Olympic performances cannot be attributed to participant sportsmen,
but to the antiquated sports system in Romania, within which specialists carry a great responsibility.
In Romania sport is a dynamic sector, with a rapid development and a more and more significant
macro-economic impact; within it, mass sports has a sure development while performance sports
manifests a light drawback. Taking into consideration that Romania has never had developed mass sports,
we can anticipate a revival of performance sports in the future.
As far as present negative connotations of the Romanian sports system are concerned, the research
analysed issues connected to the decrease of the number of performance sportsmen, the increase of
doping cases, poor school training of performance sportsmen, the declining status of performance
sportsman. The solutions identified by the author for these problems are the following:
Diversify the society’s efforts on the whole, to attract young generation in performance sports.
Develop and diversify the material basis for sports
More precise targeting of existent material and financial resources towards sportsmen with real chances of international acknowledgement
Establish the conformity level for all performance sportsmen regarding the use of doping and regaining, as far as possible, the international prestige of the Romanian sports
School greater involvement in offering real support (not just formal) to performance sportsmen; undertake additional efforts in order to increase their school training level.
Promote on a larger scale some successful human models of Romanian performance sports meant to embed recognized ideals of health, spirituality, career, aesthetics, ethics, etc..
- Agentia Nationala Anti-Doping. (2016). Comunicat de presă:Comitetul director al INADO îndeamnă la acțiune în scopul protejării sportului curat, (para .3). Retrieved from http://anad.gov.ro/web/comitetul-director-al-inado-indeamna-la-actiune-in-scopul-protejarii sportului-curat/
- Comisia Europenană, (2007), Cartea albă privind sportul, Retrieved from LegalEze database
- Dragomir, M. (2016, august, 11). JO 2016: Antrenorul lotului Germaniei îi acuză de dopaj pe halterofilii români, Agenția Națonală de presă Agerpres.Retrieved from https://www.agerpres.ro/sport/2016/08/11/jo-2016-antrenorul-lotului-germaniei-ii-acuza-de-dopajpe-halterofilii-romani-13-05-51
- Eurostat. (2016). Material deprivation statistics-early results. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Material_deprivation_statistics_-_early_results
- Institutul Român pentru Evaluare și Strategie –IRES, (2016).Raport de cercetare: Interes si atitudini față de sport și Jocurile Olimpice de vară 2016, Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/document/322489628/IRES-INTERES-SI-ATITUDINI-JO-RIO-2016-RAPORT-DE-CERCETARE#from_embed
- Legea 227 (2006) privind prevenirea si combaterea dopajului în sport. Retrieved from LegalEze database.
- Ministerul Tineretului și Sportului, București, Anuarul sportului. (2014), p. 11, 79
- Quantix Marketing Consulting. (2014). Sport in Romania, Retrieved from http://www.quantix.ro/
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
About this article
Cite this paper as:
Click here to view the available options for cite this article.