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The Shift to Inspiring Leadership in Developing European Union Countries

Table 1:

Instruments Scales Sample items Cronbach alpha
Transformational Leadership Inventory charisma leader inspires others with his/her plans for the future; leader leads by example 0.929
Servant Leadership Questionnaire social responsibility leader sees the organization for its potential to contribute to society 0.782
Managerial Practices Survey task-oriented behaviorrelations-oriented behavior planning and organizing work-unit activities; supporting work-unit members 0.8670.916
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