The article analyzes the main concepts of Islamism and the features of its generation in the North Caucasus, forms of manifestation, and specific ways of counteraction. Islamism is considered a religious and political form of extremism obscured by Islamic slogans, directed against the historically established spiritual traditions and existing government, directing its followers towards the creation of global Islamist power structures. This project has acquired its own characteristics in the North Caucasus, where such regional forms of Islamism as Salafism and Wahhabism became noticeably widespread in Dagestan, Chechnya, and Ingushetia. These forms of Islamism were directed against traditional Islam, which had historically established itself in the region in the form of Sufism. The conflict that arose between Islamists and Wahhabis in the region contributed to the political and spiritual destabilization of Muslims in the republics, and ultimately to the wars in the Chechen Republic. The difference between Islam as a religious system and Islamism as a political ideology is revealed.
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25 November 2022
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Akaev, V. K., Abubakarov, A. S., Salgiriev, A. R., Seidova, G. N., & Soltamuradov, M. D. (2022). Emergence Of Islamism In The North Caucasus: Causes And Countermeasures. In D. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in the Context of Modern Globalism (SCTCMG 2022), vol 128. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 58-63). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.11.9