The article examines the concept of "tourism" as a socio-cultural phenomenon that belongs to the system of cultural universals. The authors use cultural and philosophic methodology in their study. Tourism is interpreted as a result of the transformation of the initial concepts of "wandering" and "travelling". The research studies different approaches of the significant scientists and writers in this field. They present the history of the development and transformation of the universal of tourism in connection with the socio-cultural, economic and political content of the development of the world and society as a whole. Different types and spheres of tourism are analyzed. Domestic tourism and its regional aspect, which is of a particular importance during the period of a pandemic and isolation, is reflected in the article. The authors point out the unique nature of a local tourism product for the era of globalization, and for the formation of values of patriotism and the preservation of historical memory.
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31 March 2022
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Zakharova, L. N., Kononova, T. M., Lazareva, O. P., Akulich, E. M., & Balina, L. F. (2022). Tourism As A Universal: Heritage Of Culture And Challenges Of The Era. In & I. Savchenko (Ed.), Freedom and Responsibility in Pivotal Times, vol 125. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 802-808). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.03.94