The North Caucasus is a region with various nationalities, ethnic groups, world religions. Besides, it is the most densely populated region of Russia – about 10 million people. It is represented by a wide national composition of various anthropological types. The region is very tribal, the social structure is heterogeneous with the elements of archaic and traditionalism. This coordinate system fosters the problem of forming a civil identity, national attitudes built on a common plane of value settings, a sense of a single country and the future. The authors study the general socio-political situation in the region, analyze centrifugal and centripetal forces that determine the very nature of politics in the Russian North Caucasus through the prism of national and civil identity. The importance and place is given to regional political elites, which are able to relay the opinion of ordinary citizens, have ethnomobilization resources in managing interactions. It is concluded that ethnoelites do not always use economic, administrative, information resources of influence to stabilize the political and legal situation in the territories. Fringe politicians that came to power, provocateurs consisting of ethnic clans and groups contributed to various points of ethnopolitical tension in the region in the 1990s of the 20th century. Under the claim of the struggle for historical justice (territorial claims) they pursued their own particular interests, which created a stable base for extremism and terrorism. The authors give recommendations aimed at solving the problems of forming the civic identity of the peoples of the North Caucasus.
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31 March 2022
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Salgiriev, A. R., Mentsiev, A. U., Gaziev, V. Z., Soltamuradov, M. D., Matyeva, A. R., & Galbatsov, S. S. (2022). Problems Of Civil Identity In The North Caucasus. In & I. Savchenko (Ed.), Freedom and Responsibility in Pivotal Times, vol 125. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1132-1136). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2022.03.135