Church And School In The Siberian Village In The 1920s


The article examines regional history of Siberia on the materials of the Kuitun rural settlement of Irkutsk province in the 1920s. It is about the relationship between government, church and school. After the October Revolution of 1917 The Soviet government began a large-scale struggle against the church, depriving it of its legal status and removing it from the education system. Anti-religious propaganda was initiated. Illiterate poor rural youth and the Komsomol took an active part in these events. They criticized centuries-old spiritual and moral foundations of peasant life. The Soviet government tried to restructure the system of public education. Literacy was encouraged. The poor part of the peasantry gained the preemptive right to education. The rural teaching staff changed. Their class consciousness and loyalty to the Soviet government were taken into account. In these circumstances, the peasants were negative towards anti-religious propaganda, and often condemned general actions against believers. On the other hand, the villagers supported measures aimed at eliminating illiteracy. The authorities did not take tough measures against the believers. This process was followed by mass collectivization.

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31 March 2022

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1st Edition




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Petrushin, Y. A., & Kuznetsov, S. I. (2022). Church And School In The Siberian Village In The 1920s. In & I. Savchenko (Ed.), Freedom and Responsibility in Pivotal Times, vol 125. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1088-1095). European Publisher.