Structural Types Of Terms In The Subject Area Of Maritime Engineering


The requirements for the level of foreign language training of a marine specialist are defined by the International Convention on the Training and Certification of Seafarers and Watchkeeping of 1978 (STCW-78). This document emphasizes particular importance of seafarers' knowledge of maritime terms. The present research contributes to the resolution of professional communication linguistic support problems within the framework of the marine engineer’s activities. Moreover, it ensures the safety of maritime transport by enabling the latter to develop the terminological component of the foreign-language competence. The purpose of the research presented in this article is to identify the features of the formal structure of the English maritime engineering term system in oral professional communication and technical documentation. To achieve this goal, we considered the concept of the maritime engineering term and the principles of its differentiation from the more general concept of "maritime term". Maritime engineering terms were classified thematically and structurally. Structural models obtained in this way were described accordingly. The theoretical and practical significance of the presented work is conditioned by the fact that the study represents itself an attempt to comprehensively study modern maritime engineering terminology in the context of its linguistic representation in dictionaries and glossaries as well as its functioning in oral professional communication.

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