Problems Of Socio-Political Vocabulary Description In The "Dictionary Of The Kabardino-Circassian Language"


The article deals with the problem of lexicographic description of socio-political vocabulary in the Explanatory Dictionary of the Kabardino-Circassian Language. The study of socio-political vocabulary is, undoubtedly, of both linguistic and social interest. Therefore, the attention of linguists to this section of vocabulary is increasing nowadays. The analysis of the modern dictionary shows that the considered layer of words is widely represented in it. It is noted that the main methods, selection criteria, and methods of socio-political lexemes lexicography in the studied dictionary have serious shortcomings. It was revealed that some native and borrowed lexemes that were widely used in the speech of native speakers of the Kabardino-Circassian language were not included in the dictionary, thus violating one of the main principles of selecting words in the dictionary – the principle of the prevalence and frequency of language units. The active processes that occur under the influence of the Russian language in the socio-political vocabulary of the late XX century – the enrichment of semantics. It is noted that the illustrative material, which plays the main role in the interpretation of words, is presented insufficiently. The author emphasizes that the main illustrative material for such dictionaries should be quotations from fiction, scientific, and journalistic literature. Based on the conducted study, the practicability and necessity of applying obtained results in the compilation of various lexicographic works, Internet lexicons and especially a special dictionary of socio-political namings are substantiated.

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