From The History Of Public Education In Soviet Chechnya (1920s)


After the revolutionary events of 1917, a socialist society emerged in our country. Revolutionary transformations both in the center and in the localities were hampered by the lack of a sufficient number of trained specialists from the representatives of the people. Even during the Civil War in 1919, the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR was adopted, which set the task of eliminating the illiteracy of the population. State and party bodies of Soviet Chechnya began to eliminate illiteracy among the population. The work was carried out in two directions – the elimination of illiteracy among children, as well as among the adult population aged 14 to 30. Hundreds of schools and courses for the eradication of illiteracy began to function in the region; among the latter are short-term pedagogical courses for the training of teachers from among Chechens, which opened in Grozny on February 22, 1921, June 20, 1923, June 1, 1924, in Goryachevodsk, as well as two-year courses – in the fall of 1924. In December 1925, the Pedagogical College named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze was opened, which contributed to the improvement of the training of pedagogical national personnel. In the first years of Soviet power in Chechnya, the main path for the formation of pedagogical personnel was a variety of course activities; then a new type of education appeared since the mid-1920s. It was the first secondary pedagogical educational institution, a pedagogical school, which characterized a new stage in the development of pedagogical education in Chechnya.

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29 November 2021

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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization

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Matagova, K. A., & Kindarova, Y. A. (2021). From The History Of Public Education In Soviet Chechnya (1920s). In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 2328-2333). European Publisher.