The paper is devoted to the beginning of the history of the study of archaeological sites of Chechnya and covers the period from the appearance of occasional information on individual, most noticeable objects of antiquity of the 16th-18th centuries in Russian sources (Alkhan-Kalinskoye (Kholopyevskoye) settlement on the Sunzha river, Shelkozavodskoyey settlement on the Terek River, the city of Chechen on the Argun River) recorded in the plain territory and until the middle of the 19th century, when the first scientific publications about the antiquities of the region appeared. The paper also provides some information on other burial archaeological sites on the plain of Chechnya of that period – mounds, as well as on medieval architectural and archaeological sites of the mountainous zone of the. The authors critically consider the beginning of archaeological study of Chechnya as a result of the so-called “academic” expedition of the Russian Academy of Sciences to the North Caucasus with the participation of Gildenstedt, Pallas, Klaprot at the end of the 18th century, who in this part of the region mainly studied the territory of Ingushetia, as well as the Central Caucasus and did not pursue any archaeological goals. The work used a large number of publications dedicated to the history of the study of the antiquities of Chechnya that are given in the references. The paper presents a particular interest as a source of analytical and historiographical research, primarily for authors studying archeology, history and ethnography of the North Caucasus and writing in English.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Mamaev, H. M., & Mamaev, R. H. (2021). Beginning Of The Study Of Archaeological Sites Of Chechnya. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 2303-2310). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.304