A sentence is a psychological act of connecting ideas. But since the connection itself presupposes the presence of at least two elements, then any sentence, as an expression of this act, consists of at least two parts, members. The apparent contradiction – the presence of one-word sentences – is resolved very easily on a psychological basis. Psychologists do not care what form the sentence has in the language. It is important here that in consciousness, due to the combination of ideas, the act of forming a generalized sentence scheme occurs. And how this scheme will manifest itself in language – verbally – is completely indifferent. Under the influence of the increasingly widespread inconsistencies between language and logic, scientists came to the conclusion that language cannot be a reflection (Abbild) of consciousness and its logical forms. In addition to the inconsistency of grammatical constructions with constructions of logic, other deviations were found. So, the interrogatory, imperative and exclamatory sentences in a language differ in their content from the content of the judgment. Language has nothing to do with the reality surrounding a person, for reality itself is created by their representation. Psychologists leave the external side of the expression of internal processes to the language. The processes taking place in the soul do not need the intervention of language. The categories of grammar are an external, far from complete expression of more substantial categories of psychology. The consequence of such attitudes was the constant distinction between the psychological and the grammatical.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Kulaeva, F. A., Almurzaeva, P. K., & Okueva, H. Z. (2021). German Elliptical Sentences And Psychological Direction In Linguistics. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 2240-2246). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.296