Mythological Motifs In Bashkir Epic About Aina In The Artistic Universals


Today, according to the results of field research and the analysis of the collected folklore material. It is possible to fix only its fragments in the form of a plot or some extracts from the epic. According to the authors, some epic monuments could reach us in the form of cubaires (epic legends) and ozon kui (long folk songs, legends). Thus, such epics as Akbuzat, Idel and Yaik, Tsar Shulgan and Minei-batyr, Kungyr-buga, which generally make up the Ural-batyr epic. The ethnogenetic legend of Aina and Gaina, at its core, may also be part of the once famous ancient epic of the Bashkir people, because the legend has retained ancient sacred mythological motifs and images that may be traditional for the archaic epic. The purpose of the paper is to identify and consider the ancient ideas of the Bashkirs from the Gaina clan about the world and the surrounding nature, their beliefs, artistic and aesthetic traditions, rites and customs that are characteristic of archaic epic and are preserved in the versions of the ethnogenetic legend about the Bashkir clan of Gaina – The Gainas, The Tulvints, Aina and Gaina. To achieve these goals, a number of tasks were solved: establishment in this legend of artistic and aesthetic features characteristic of the traditions of epic creation; identification of mythological, worldview identity reflected in the legend of solar, sacred motifs, twin, totem images, the motive for the formation of the clan as a result of a marriage of a cultural hero.

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