Umalat Laudaev On The Social Structure Of The Chechens In “Chechen Tribe”


The problem of the social structure of the Chechens found are reflected in the works and scientific publications of many authors both pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet periods. All research works that, in one way or another, touch upon the issue of social structure, social relations and everyday life of Chechens can be divided into two groups. The authors, depending on the level of the study of this issue, give a variety of assessments of social and political structure of the Chechens. Caucasian scholars of the 19th century were divided according to the definition of the social system of the Chechens: the first group was those researchers who considered and perceived Chechen society as patriarchal-clan. In this research, the authors focused on the work of the first Chechen ethnographer Umalat Laudaev “The Chechen Tribe”, in which he expressed his opinion on the social structure of the Chechens, from the period when the Chechens through trial and errors created their internal order based on adats. U. Laudaev speaks about the difficult search for an optimal social order, when the Chechens created their own aedile, a kind of government body where they elected Kanoi elders who had knowledge and life experience, which gradually grew into the Mehk-Khel-Council of the country. The bodies of trial-hattam and compromise-masatt were created. Then, after the conquest of Chechnya, the Russian government created Mekhkame, but already controlled and managed by the Russian government. Laudaev described the time from the period of antiquity.

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29 November 2021

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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization

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Gelaeva, Z. A., Elbuzdukaeva, T. U., & Kindarova, Y. A. (2021). Umalat Laudaev On The Social Structure Of The Chechens In “Chechen Tribe”. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 2026-2032). European Publisher.