The paper provides a critical analysis and research findings assessment of Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic Shakhrudin Aidievich Gapurov. The main attention is paid to the most significant scientific results and conclusions made by the author in the process of studying the period of the Caucasian War (1818–1864). It is shown that Gapurov Sh.A., on the basis of a critical analysis of abundant archival materials, argumentatively proved the scientific inconsistency of the "raiding system" concept put forward by M.M. Bliev. According to this concept, the continuous looting and raids of the mountaineers on the Caucasian line caused the Caucasian War. Based on a critical analysis of historical documents, he proved that the main reason for the Caucasian War was a sharp change in Russian policy in the Caucasus, when, instead of predominantly peaceful means, Ermolov A.P. began to establish Russian power in the Caucasus by extremely harsh and repressive methods. The author has convincingly shown that the consequences of the Caucasian War were catastrophic, that it was the greatest tragedy in the history of Russian-Mountain relations, which brought the Chechen ethnic group to the brink of physical and moral destruction. The conclusion of the author regarding the relations between Chechnya and Russia in the XVI–XVIII centuries deserves attention. The author shows that these relations were formed not only on the basis of military conflicts and mutual robberies, but that peaceful good-neighborly relations played an important role in them.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Dadashev, R. K., & Okkaeva, Z. S. (2021). Contribution Of Gapurov To The Historical Study Of Chechnya In Nineteenth Century. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1902-1911). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.251