The October Revolution of 1917 played an important role in the development of the constitutional status of the Kalmyk people, which initiated the establishment of the Kalmyk statehood as an equal part of multinational Russia. In early1918, the reunification of scattered Kalmyk khanates began in the Kalmyk steppe. At that time, a very important principle for Kalmykia was proclaimed, being the freedom and equality of the peoples of the new Soviet Russia. Of paramount importance for the development of the statehood of the people of Kalmykia were such documents as “Appeal to the Workers, Soldiers and Peasants!”, “Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia”, “Declaration of the Rights of the Kalmyk Working People”. These acts granted the steppe people the establishment of the Autonomous Region of the Kalmyk working people in the composition of the RSFSR and enshrined an administrative-territorial structure. The Kalmyks, like other peoples of Russia, took an active part in the construction of the new free Soviet state. This somehow modified a legal status of the autonomous region, its sovereignty, although the decisions of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the local (regional) authorities guaranteed the inviolability of the previously established principles of autonomy. And even complete liquidation. In mid-October 1943, Stalin approved the decision of the State Defense Committee on the liquidation of the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and the eviction of the Kalmyks to the Krasnoyarsk and Altai Territories, Omsk and Novosibirsk Regions.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Buluktaeva, K. Y., Azukaeva, B. A., Tsekeeva, T. E., Aksenov, I. C., & Romadikova, V. M. (2021). Establishment Of The Kalmyk Statehood In The Structure Of The Soviet State. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1877-1882). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.247