The article describes the interest of fascist Germany in the North Caucasus, about the policy of the German command in relation to the North Caucasian peoples aimed at attracting them to their side. The authors show how these attempts failed, debunk the myth of betrayal, mass collaboration and cooperation with the fascists of the peoples of the Caucasus, and that anti-Soviet sentiments were widespread. Those Chechens and Ingush were deported, into whose territory the German invaders could not even reach, which proves the inconsistency of the myth of collaboration The article analyzes the factors and reasons for the implementation of the deportation policy during the ongoing war with the involvement of a significant number of military, transport and material resources. The living conditions and life of the special settlers from the North Caucasus in the places of settlement in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are considered. Lack of food, clothing, poor or complete lack of medical care became the main factors in the high mortality rate of children, the elderly and women from among the special settlers for the first time in the settlement.. For the deported North Caucasian peoples, labor was a factor of survival and adaptation in places of special settlements. Despite all the hardships and difficulties of the first years of deportation, the Karachais, Chechens, Ingush and Balkars with their labor debunked the myth of the traitorous peoples and made their contribution to the national economy.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Akkieva, S. I., Isakieva, Z. S., & Matagova, K. A. (2021). Deportation Of The Special Settlers Of The North Caucasus During World War. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1808-1817). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.238