This article studies the cultural context of development of the ethnocultural identity in the Spanish regions and creation of the Spanish "state of autonomies". It investigates the process of development of features of the ethnocultural identity in the Spanish regions since the Antiquity to the present. Ethnocultural identity is the result of cultural influences of different ethnic groups who migrated to the Iberian Peninsula. In the era of Antiquity, the following tribes lived on the Iberian Peninsula: Celtiberians, Moors, Romans, Greeks, Germans, Arabs and Jews. In the Middle Ages, the following Spanish kingdoms were created: Castile-la-Mancha, Galicia, Al-Andalus, and Aragon. Despite the creation of a unified Spanish state, the Spanish regional specificity was not leveled. These features were preserved due to the foral system guaranteeing the rights of regional self-governments, which existed until the end of the 19th century. The article analyzes the influence of Catholic Christianity on the process of uniting the Spanish medieval kingdoms into a single Spanish state. The article describes key features of the Spanish cultural policy, focused on the cultural unification, which involves the "castilization" of the Spanish state. he issues of development of the Spanish national civic collective identity, emergence of Spanish regional movements, searches for Spanish national symbols were dealt with by the "Generation 98" participants. Since the second half of the XX century and after the Spanish "transition to democracy" in the regions, ethnocentric sentiments have been manifested, despite the establishment of the Spanish "state of autonomies".
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
Cite this article as:
Tumin, A. D. (2021). Ethnocultural Regional Collective Identity Of Spanish Historical Nations. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1605-1611). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.212