In the 196–1970s Cyprus became a zone of confrontation between Greek Cypriots who sought unification with Greece and Turkish Cypriots who did not want this unification. The latter became the object of terrorist attacks by the militarized Greek nationalist organization EOKA. In December 1963, real battles started on the island. The Turkish population reacted painfully to the tragedy of the Turkish Cypriots, who were helpless to the aggression of the Greek armed groups. This outrage was actively used in the political struggle by the People’s Republican Party and the Justice Party, alternately accusing each other of ignoring the problem of Turkish Cypriots. However, coming to power, they continued the restrained policy of competitors. The situation changed dramatically in 1973–1974. The rise in oil prices led the Turkish government to search for oil deposits in the Eastern Mediterranean, including near the northern part of the island of Cyprus. The seizure of power in July 1974 in Nicosia by EOKA members, who proclaimed the island’s entry into Greece, served as the reason for the Turkish landing on the island. The issue of the borders and the future fate of the island territory occupied by Turkish troops led to a split in the coalition government of the People’s Republican Party and the National Salvation Party and new elections. Following the elections and inter-party approvals, the right-lost its former relevance amid the general aggravation of the political situation in the country.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Tovsultanov, R. A., Tovsultanova, M. S., & Galimova, L. N. (2021). Cyprus Problem In Domestic Political Life Of Turkey In 1960–1970s. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1553-1559). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.205