The paper deals with the formation and development of the South American integration process – MERCOSUR. The authors suggest that such integration process as the Southern Common Market is caused by the change in the perception of each other by Brazil and Argentina, the two member countries and the founders of MERCOSUR, which in 1985 led to a bilateral agreement on preferential association between these countries. To confirm this hypothesis, the authors conducted the analysis of the change and development of relations between the two founding countries of the Southern Common Market – Brazil and Argentina before its establishment – from the beginning of the 20th century and after the establishment of MERCOSUR. The paper considers the stages of its development from its foundation to 2020; provides the description and analysis of events characterizing each of the identified stages; identifies the characteristics of the cooperation between the MERCOSUR countries, in order to track and analyze the impact of the relations of these countries on the development of this association, on its internal agenda and the decisions made by the association regarding its participants, such as Venezuela and the suspension of its membership; on agreements and interaction with third countries, as well as with other unions and supranational associations. This study also describes the possible causes of the present unification crisis, one of which is the change of the right-oriented government of Argentina to the left-oriented at the end of 2019, which caused disapproval from Argentina’s main partner – the right-oriented Brazil.
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29 November 2021
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Cultural development, technological development, socio-political transformations, globalization
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Talova, M. I., & Shamsutdinova, A. R. (2021). Impact Of Brazil-Argentina Relations On Mercosur Development. In D. K. Bataev, S. A. Gapurov, A. D. Osmaev, V. K. Akaev, L. M. Idigova, M. R. Ovhadov, A. R. Salgiriev, & M. M. Betilmerzaeva (Eds.), Social and Cultural Transformations in The Context of Modern Globalism, vol 117. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1504-1511). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.11.198