Russian Verb Categories Of Aspect And Degree Of Duration Systemic Analysis


The category of aspect of the verb in Russian has been a disputable issue for many years and has become the subject of a separate section of morphology. Numerous attempts to explain the semantics of an aspect either in the context of the category of tense or as an combined of the lexical-grammatical category of action mode do not provide an exhaustive explanation of the specific facts of the use of verb forms. Less well known are the works of Russian scientists of the 19th century, in which the idea of considering aspect in connection with the value of the degree of duration was put forward. This idea was more fully developed by the founder of modern systemic linguistics Melnikov. The systemic interpretation of the aspect allows us to understand it as a specific category of Slavic languages that most fully realized the idea of a multifaceted presentation of a developing event, prescribed by the inner form of languages of the inflectional type. The systematic approach allows not to limit the interpretation of the aspect by opposing completeness ‒ incompleteness, or internally exhausted - unexhausted action, but at the same time not to abandon the idea of the invariant meaning of the grammatical category.

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