Functioning Of The National And Regional Words In The Literary Text


The article examines the functioning of national and regional vocabulary in the Russian literary text. The text of the novel-chronicle of the founder of the modern Kalmyk literature A. M. Amur-Sanan "Mudroshkin's son" is used as a language material. The novel was written in 1925 in Russian and depicts a panorama of traditional Kalmyk life at the turn of the ХIХ-ХХ centuries. The author justifiably uses national vocabulary to convey the original culture, way of life, way of managing, features of the organization of the Kalmyk society, different types representing the social strata of the Kalmyk people. In the course of the study of language material, methods of continuous sampling and statistical analysis, contextual and lexical-semantic analysis, methods of linguoculturological and historical-cultural commentary were used. The analysis showed that the toponyms and anthroponyms used in the text, both of Russian and Kalmyk origin, have an important informational and semantic meaning, localizing the text with a specific geographical region of Russia - Kalmykia. However, the vast majority of toponyms and anthroponyms used in the text are of Kalmyk origin. Russian language influence is observed in the system of official designations of persons: first, the two - and three-part model of designation dominates, and second, word-forming means of the Russian language are used. This allows us to conclude that Kalmyk-Russian bilingualism in this fragment of the language system is manifested consistently and systematically.

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