Development Of Students' Computational Thinking Using Cognitive Tools And Methods Of Teaching
The formation and development of the computational thinking of the future specialist is one of the main goals of modern higher education. In this regard, special attention should be paid to the disciplines related to programming and numerical methods for solving mathematical problems. One of the reasons for the decline in the quality of mastering these disciplines is the lack of means and methods of teaching students, taking into account their modern cognitive characteristics. The purpose of the study is to substantiate, develop and experimentally test cognitive means and methods of teaching students Numerical Methods, which contribute to the development of their computational thinking and ensure the effectiveness of subject training. The leading methodological strategy of the research is the cognitive approach to teaching, associated with the implementation of the psychological and pedagogical goals of the cognitive process and focused on the use of cognitive visualization of educational mental constructs. The scientific idea of developing students' computational thinking and increasing the effectiveness of their training in the Numerical Methods course with the help of original cognitive-visualized teaching aids and dynamic computing simulators is proposed and implemented. In the course of the pedagogical experiment, the effectiveness of cognitive means and methods of teaching students Numerical Methods is shown.
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