Current Issues Of Electoral Law Implementation: Cognitive Analysis
The paper focuses on the current challenges of electoral law implementation in terms of realizing electoral rights using new methods. With a view to analyzing sensitive problems of electoral law execution, the expedience of applying a cognitive analysis model is discussed. A generalized cognitive model used for analyzing a voting process is described. It consists of a number of stages including the impulse to select, the ability to interpret, the process of voting and evaluation of the voting results which are causally combined in a simple circuit. It is pointed out that the most significant as well as the most challenging stage for implementing the right to vote is the interpretation stage. It is in the process of critical analysis that the voter makes a final decision about their further action at the voting stage. Violation of constituents’ electoral law, for example, by the interpretation stage elimination (“shunting”) is to trigger serious problems at both the voting stage and the stage of voting results evaluation. The cognitive analysis technique based on modelling presentation and problem interpretation is suggested. In the paper, the electoral law implementation analysis is followed by developing a cognitive model of the voting process with interpretation stage shunting. In conclusion, it is claimed that even though the outside evidence of protection against social threats and risks for electoral rights violation is gradually disappearing and becoming more latent, the challenges for electoral law realization still do exist.
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