Impact Of Road Transport On The Environmental Situation In The Urban Environment


A brief analysis of the latest literature sources was carried out, which showed that in Moscow, despite the increase in the fleet vehicles, emissions of harmful substances into the atmospheric air decreased from 1 million tons to 0.86 million tons in the period from 2010 to 2018, respectively. This improvement in environmental index was due to the implementation of the metropolitan comprehensive program, including the optimization of the route and road network, the use of modern environmentally friendly transport, the use of high-quality fuel, etc. Based on the analysis of pollution of districts, Rostov-on-Don (regional center) has the highest level of pollution with impurities: benzo(a)pyrene, formaldehyde, nitrogen oxides and dust, observed in the central part of the city near motorways. It is assumed that the same level of pollution may occur in similar urban areas, where road transport is one of the main sources of emissions. It is noted that reducing air pollution and noise exposure in urban environments can also be achieved through electric vehicles. In a lot of countries, the development of electric transport is considered as a way to solve existing environmental problems, the possibility of creating new markets for innovative products, and therefore is actively supported by the state by various methods. The main barriers to the development of ‘green’ transport are cost (high price for electric vehicles) and infrastructure (lack of a structure for charging, replacement and disposal of batteries).

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