The Population Health And The Environment Quality: Construction Of Mathematical Assessments
The article presents the research results of the health level analysis and of the quality environment in the region social and economic system. The construction of mathematical assessments of the health level and the environment quality is carried out using of the Udmurt Republic’s statistical data for the period 2000-2020. The results of the analysis indicate a decline share of healthy people from 61.6% in 2000 to 54.3% in 2020. But the share of people with chronic diseases increased from 33.2% to 39.8%, the share of people with disabilities in the total population – from 5.3% to 5.9%. The general level of population health has declining at an average annual rate of 0.3 percentage points. To assess the environment quality, a mathematical model is proposed, considering the effectiveness of environmental protection measures. It is found that the average rate of environmental pollution of atmospheric air is 0.64%, water resources – 0.73%, land resources – 0.31%. Over the 25-year period under research, the share of the environment in need of treatment has grown from 50.3% to 56.3%. It is identified that the healthy population of the region directly depends on clean ecology (94.4%). Obviously, the population with health problems (general morbidity, chronic diseases, disability) shows an inverse relationship with the indicator of clean ecology. Thus, the general morbidity of the population depends on the poor environment quality by 95.8%, chronic morbidity – by 90.8%, disability to a lesser extent – by 83.7%.
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