Economic Assessment Of Effective Logging Conditions
The analysis of factors influencing the cost of logging is carried out. The modelling of the costs for the maintenance and operation of equipment in the context of three systems of machines: when using chainsaws on felling, delimbing and crosscutting; with the use of machine felling and delimbing with a chainsaw, as well as with the use of multi-operational complexes - harvesters and forwarders. An economic and mathematical model of the formation of costs for the maintenance and operation of equipment is presented, the total costs for timber harvesting are calculated. The dependence of the level of costs for timber harvesting on the average volume of the log and the distance of skidding was revealed, the construction of an economic and mathematical model was carried out using various harvesting technologies. The necessity of economic assessment and economic modelling of costs is substantiated, factors influencing the cost of production are established, which is important in the subsequent economic assessment of effective conditions for logging. The optimal technology of timber harvesting with a combination of factors influencing the efficiency of timber harvesting has been revealed.
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