Analysis Of The Fuel And Energy Balance Of The Kabardino-Balkarian Republic


Based on statistical data of 2019, the article analyzes the fuel and energy balance of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. In this constituent entity of the Russian Federation with a small territory and high population density, where in the post-perestroika period the main industrial enterprises were liquidated, natural gas, fuels and lubricants and partially electric energy are supplied from other regions. The population and small industrial enterprises became the main consumers of gas and electricity, which created certain problems. The most serious of them is the chronic debt of consumers to suppliers, which is to a certain extent associated with high (over 20 percent) losses in gas and electric networks, which are included in the calculations when setting tariffs, which cannot be fully attributed to technical. The problem associated with network losses can be solved by the widespread installation of automated control and accounting sys-tems of electricity and gas. However, the efforts of business entities will not be able to resolve all controversial issues. In 2012, the government of the republic approved the energy efficiency and energy development program for seven years, which, in particular, was not implemented due to insufficient financing of measures aimed at energy conservation and energy efficiency.

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