How Adolescents Today Imagine Adulthood And Their Future: Research Review
In this article, we analyze research on adolescent perceptions of adulthood and the future in a transforming world. We pay special attention to those of them that dealt with the role of parents, education, and the inclusion of adolescents in productive activities. Analysis of recent studies of the adolescents` conceptions about future has shown: changes in the perceptions of adulthood among adolescents over the past 30 years; the priority of personal traits over social roles in adolescents' ideas about adulthood; part of the research suggests the dependence of the adolescents' adulthood image on the micro- and meso-level environment: the influence of family pressure and the educational environment is noticeable. Analysis of scholars papers from different countries about the adolescents` conceptions of the future showed: 1) modern adolescents worry about the future in the same way as 30-40 years ago; 2) parental support and formed attachment have a positive effect on positive expectations from the future in adolescents; 3) future education can be perceived by adolescents both as a strong stressor and as future success; 4) the image of the future of today's adolescents does not include specific ideas about their profession until the age of 19-20 and therefore work with 11-12 year olds can be built around their ideas and future life and, at the same time, an analysis of their present; 5) teenagers aged 11-13 describe their future in more detail than those aged 13-15; 6) the involvement of adolescents in activity and work helps optimism.
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