Hardiness Development In Adolescents At Social Risk Group


Research results for the approaches to understanding the essence of the “hardiness” concept from the point of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral approaches are presented. The author's “hardiness” definition is stated. The internal hardiness formation factors – the state of health, nervous balance/exhaustion, high/low motivation, ability to work, satisfaction/dissatisfaction with events, involvement/indifference in activities, viable/destructive lifestyle. External hardiness formation factors are identified in three areas of adolescent life: family factors, school factors, and media factors. Their influence on the hardiness formation in adolescents at risk is described. Psychological and pedagogical conditions for the hardiness development are justified and proposed, including the research of internal and external factors that promote/hinder the hardiness development; preventive activities aimed at strengthening the external factors positive influence and minimizing the negative ones; hardiness development psychological and pedagogical support, implemented through the adolescents inclusion in various activities that contribute to the moral norms and values internalization, socially oriented behavior development, introduction to a healthy lifestyle; decision-making skills in difficult situations development, communication skills formation.

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