Linguocultural Dictionary Of Crimea: Theory And Practice


The article is devoted to the description of the linguocultural dictionary of the Republic of Crimea. The paper analyzes the historical, political, socio-cultural prerequisites for the formation of a unique language socio-cultural context in the region, which allows us to speak about the relevance and scientific need for the above dictionary compilation. The objective of this article is to describe the general concept of a regional linguocultural dictionary, consider the principle of nominative units’ selection and creating a model for a dictionary entry presentation. The paper analyzes general principles of linguocultural dictionaries development, considers the patterns of realities selection and description (differential, precedent and the principle of social and regional marking), representing the linguocultural dictionary of Crimea; the principles of specificity and thematic affiliation for the vocabulary formation and ways of presenting cultural information in the "Crimea" dictionary as a regional linguocultural glossary of a special type are considered in detail. All nominative units, which are the object of description, include the regional component of meaning and belong to one of the extended thematic groups (biology, geography, ethnography and socio-politics). Thus, we have identified three significant thematic blocks, which are extended and combined into lexical-semantic groups of regionally marked nominative units; the content and structure of each group is presented in the work. The article presents the concept of macro and microstructure of the proposed dictionary. For clarity, the author demonstrates a description model using the example of two dictionary entries, which are compiled in accordance with the concept presented.

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