Social Well-Being As A Key Component Of Inclusive Development In Resource-Dependent Regions

Abstract

The issue of inclusive development of resource regions has received increasing attention. In this respect, understanding the social effects of extractive activities has tremendous importance. This paper aims to explore the impact of extractive activity on social well-being in resource- dependent regions of Russia. For this, the paper conducts a comparative analysis of the main social indicators in resource-dependent and non-resource regions of Russia. Then, the relationship between extractive activities and social indicators for resource-dependent regions is studied using the coefficients of pairwise correlation. The analysis revealed that there are statistically significant differences in indicators of social well-being between resource-dependent and non-resource regions. Resource-dependent regions have higher per capita income and lower poverty rates than non-resource regions, while indicators characterizing social inequality, crime, life expectancy, and incidence are worse. However, the study did not find a strong linear relationship between extractive activities and the social indicators. The results allow us to conclude that resource-dependent regions in Russia do not meet the principles of inclusive development.

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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Publisher

European Publisher

First Online

25.09.2021

Doi

10.15405/epsbs.2021.09.02.106

Online ISSN

2357-1330