This paper compares the public policies for the settlement of the Far East as implemented before the Revolution vs. in the 1920s-1930s. It describes the timeline of resettlement to the Far East within this timeframe; the article also covers the strategic objectives of such policies. The authors further analyze the social benefits available to the settlers. We highlight the general aspects of the social policies and describe the particulars of each period on this timeline. Before the Revolution, public assistance for the settlers mainly came in the form of tax exemptions, the provision of land plots, and lends. In 1920-1940, the state would mainly provide land, grant lends, and issue low-interest loans. This period was particularly characterized by collective resettlement and increased social assistance. Such procedures helped attract more settlers to the region and replenish its workforce; however, they failed to compensate for the lack of livability. Public assistance discussed herein shows that public authorities were indeed interested in populating the region. When developing social programs intended to convince people to stay in the region today, it is imperative to duly consider the positive outcomes of social policies supporting the Far East and its people during the analyzed timeframe. The existing socioeconomic measures whose purpose is to increase the Far Eastern population so far have failed to address the region’s demographic crisis; this calls for a comprehensive historical analysis of the problem.
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21 June 2021
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Social sciences, education and psychology, technology and education, economics and law, interdisciplinary sciences
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Vologdina, E. S., & Kuzmina, O. A. (2021). Social Benefits Available To The Far Eastern Settlers In 1861-1940. In N. G. Bogachenko (Ed.), Amurcon 2020: International Scientific Conference, vol 111. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1135-1141). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.06.03.151