The article considers patriotism as a hypertext of national self-consciousness, as an image of one’s place in the world in which one must not only get one's bearings, live, be needed, happy but also build one's future as a member of the sociocultural community. Like all social feelings, patriotism is brought up. With different nations and individuals, it may even be lacking due to historical and cultural conditioning. However, “self-construction” and “self-creation” cannot go past such vectors of human existence, without which one cannot become a member of the community having one's feet firmly on the ground. These are birth, conscription, marriage, professional self-determination, death. All these events form the span of human life, which can neither be cancelled nor changed. Nevertheless, one is able to determine oneself, take a stance on it in order to be formed as a person and as a civilian. Patriotism will not be understood in its phenomenality if researchers lose sight of the signs-images, forming it. Those are texts which are intended to cause an understanding and interpretation of the relationship towards oneself, the relationship to another person and the expected relationship of that other. In the process of life, the body of patriotic feelings lives, develops, breathes. Breath is always listening to the smells of the land, the smells of the Homeland.
An important attribute that makes a nation is national identity. National identity implies knowledge of the language, ethnic memory, knowledge and respect for national customs and traditions, a sense of national dignity. Patriotism is a complex feeling. Like everything complex, it is formed of the individual components of feelings-emotions, shaping them into a single patriotic spirit. What does the feeling of patriotism consist of? There are five vector events taking place in human life, without which one cannot become a member of a community firmly standing on the ground. These are birth, conscription, marriage, professional self-determination, death. All these events form the span of human life that can neither be cancelled nor changed. However, one can determine oneself, take a stance on it and thus be formed as a person as well as a civilian.
The problem is to find texts that focus on the meanings of patriotism.
Life events related to the homeland, which emit emotions that crystallize into feelings of national-patriotic mentality.
Purpose of the Study
Description of iconic texts through which vector events of the human life form patriotic feelings-images.
The semiotic method, the foundations of which were laid by Peirce, de Saussure, representatives of the Moscow and Prague linguistic circles, was further developed in the writings of the proponents of Yuri Lotman’s Tartu School of Science. The semiotic method is associated with modelling of research objects as sign systems. This very method forms the semiotic "picture of the world (world view/picture)" with its individual causality. This causality is a method of semiotic analysis of reality. When it comes to disciplines basically operating on qualities, rather than quantities, which have individual situations, cases, and texts as their objectives like special phenomena semiotics comes into play. “We are talking about the forms of knowledge, in their logical limit approaching dumbness
Let me, however, ask you: why do you all call them “Kolka” and “Natashka”?
And this is in Tatar. They call every adult Russian Ivan, and the woman Natasha, and they call the boys Kolka, and the same holds true for my wives even though they were Tatars, but for me they were all Russian and were called Natashka, and the boys were Kolka. However, all this, of course, is only superficial, because they were without all the church sacraments, and I did not consider them my children.
Why didn’t you regard them as yours? Why is it so?
But why would I consider them mine if they were neither baptized, nor anointed.
And your parental feelings?
What do you mean, sir?
But really, didn’t you love these children at all and never caressed them?
But how to caress them? Of course, if it happened, when I was sitting by myself, and someone ran up, well, I'd just pat their head, stroke them and say: “Go to your mother”, but this rarely happened, because I didn’t care.
But why didn't you care: did you really have a lot to do?
Nope; nothing much, but I had a yearning: I really wanted to go home to Russia. ”
(Leskov, 1973, par. 7)
old men of the tribe kept many legends prohibited from the uninitiated). Along with collective ritual forms, an important role was played by individual forms (conspiracies, charms) as “elements of the verbal accompaniment of a pagan in cantatory, magical rite”; implementation of all elements of the procedure was mandatory (Propp, 2019, p. 315). The point of all this is to fosterrespect for work. A profession is always a socially useful activity through which the subject participates in the life of society. Through professional development, a change in the value attitude to oneself as a representative of the profession and as a member of the community takes place. Working together people exchange not only thingsbut also feelings of their importance, the dignity of being a member of a social and professional group, a sense of elitism. By self-determination through the acquisition of “the true meanings of one’s labour activity in the context of building a full and dignified life, which involves not only obtaining “benefits” from the professional activity performed but also touching the highest ideals of creativity, justice and dignity, as well as the opportunity to “continue in other people” (Pryazhnikov, 2010, p. 6), thus a person makes up for his finiteness. Striving for love, people want to endow the world with their feelings, abilities, and talents. However, they also want to get mutual love, that is, someone who endows them with the best they have. A real (and not just a fantasy) opportunity to endow the world with your talents is work. Many prominent representatives of the human race understood this and since some point in their lives began to realize their best impulses through creativity (psychoanalysts call this sublimation). Feedback arose when the state attributed the success of its citizens to the national system of upbringing and education. Pride "for one's own" is an integral feature of patriotism.
We do not know in what context the Irish writer, playwright Bernard Shaw expressed the idea that "patriotism is a destructive, psychopathic form of idiocy." The dictum itself suggests that such a moral property of a person as patriotism is not inherent in all people. The feeling of belonging to one’s nation, one’s homeland, its past and present, the dreams of the prosperity of one’s country and the desire to do everything for this is the result of self-awareness and self-development of a human being. The word "homeland" itself resembles the taste of icy water from a spring well.
Letter-by-word decoding of this feeling-concept expresses the meaning of the word in a concentrated form: "Patriotism is the Passion for serving one's country, Altruism, Toil, Rejoicing, Ideology, Optimism, Talent, (National) Identity, Solidarity, and (National-Patriotic) Mentality."
Patriotism is a sense of solidarity with those who have arranged the environment in which they have to live, work and die. In the process of discussing the article, disputes arose, as a rule, concerning the attitude to the feeling of patriotism. The problem was designated as the significance of this feeling-image in the structure of the personality. Can a “national orphan” become a full member of the modern community? This question is the subject of the next study.
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27 February 2021
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National interest, national identity, national security, public organizations, linguocultural identity, linguistic worldview
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Nikitina, E. S. (2021). Smells Of The Homeland Or Patriotic Texts Through The Prism Of Psychosemiotics. In I. Savchenko (Ed.), National Interest, National Identity and National Security, vol 102. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 678-683). European Publisher. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.02.02.85