Axiological Phraseological Units As Representatives Of Values And Meanings Of The Culture

Abstract

The following work studies language as a representative of the values and meanings of the culture. The phraseology of languages is not only the reflection of the world view and historical experience of nations who use this phraseology. It’s also a specific way to encode the culturally significant values and their meanings. Phraseological units represent the meanings of culture. Therefore, the study of phraseological units allows us to understand the worldview of German culture more fully and deeply. The research aims to determine the values and meanings of German culture by analyzing its axiological phraseological units. Using the method of non-standardized interviews with German culture bearers, we identified 149 axiological phraseological units. The analysis of the context and components of these axiological phraseological units helped us find the most relevant values of German culture now. They are Anerkennung (recognition), Gesundheit (health), Arbeit (work), Sicherheit (safety), Nachhaltigkeit (sustainability), Sparsamkeit (economy), Erfolg (success), Freizeit (free time), Gerechtigkeit (righteousness), Gemeinschaft (community), Familie (family), Freiheit (freedom). To find the meanings of the culture, we did one more non-standardized interview with the representatives of German culture. It showed that, according to respondents, the German axiological phraseological unit Doppelt halt besser (Better safe than sorry) fully reflects the meaning of Sicherheit (safety) value. The government and law enforcement agencies in Germany have been developing more and more security measures. And the aim is justified. Thus, the value content of the axiological phraseological units reflects the meanings of German culture values.

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Publisher

European Publisher

First Online

31.10.2020

Doi

10.15405/epsbs.2020.10.05.321

Online ISSN

2357-1330