Innovative Technologies In Crop Growing: Resources And Assessment Methodology


The paper addresses the relationship of the main components as parts of innovation infrastructure. The key challenges of resource support are identified that are directly related to the use of innovative technologies in agricultural production within the main groups – staff, scientific and information support, technical, technological and financial facilities. There are pointed out the main levels of crop production development involving to some extent the innovative technologies. The levels we state are: technical, technological, industrial, socio-economic. The variety of levels is needed, along with expanding the border, to conduct more relevant research in this field. The indicators applied to assess the progress have been selected along with the level identifying the production efficiency with the use of innovative technologies, the use of which in analytical activity provides a new opportunity to identify deficiencies in management decisions in innovative activities and their timely correction. The crucial branches for efficiency analysis regarding crop production involving some innovative technologies are proposed. The integral index was calculated on the basis of normalized indicators obtained by linear scaling in order to identify the degree of production development by indicators of the socio-economic effect in the crop sector in the Russian Federation and the Saratov region as itself. The result of the study shows the overall progress level in socio-economic development regarding crop production with innovative technologies within the time under consideration. The issue of practical application on how to conduct the efficiency evaluation with its further improvements has been discussed.

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The paper is devoted to the issues of effective organization of training in a foreign community, in particular, the most efficient approaches to prefixal verbs of motion at different stages of training. In the practical course of the Russian language for foreign students, one of the difficult topics is the study of prefixal verbs of motion. The ambiguity of semantic, formal identity of verbs, large quantitative composition of this language group leads to difficulties of studying prefixal verbs and their use in speech. The paper presents the errors from written works of foreign students and gives the analysis of their causes. The paper analyses the possibilities of using various techniques, including the system of training exercises. It considers methodological techniques of dealing with lexical and grammatical units of the studied language at the stages of introducing new educational material, its consolidation and activation in speech, such as the demonstration of a speech model, translation, comment, diagrams, tables, frames, drawings. Besides, the paper highlights the rational combination of systematic performance of training exercises, which lay down a strong language base, and various techniques, which activate the reclusive activity of foreign students, form and develop their speech, help to master such complex and voluminous educational material as prefixal verbs of motion. The provisions set forth in the paper are based on the study of scientific and methodological literature, teaching manuals on Russian language for foreigners, observations in the educational process, as well as personal experience of teaching Russian language to foreign students.

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