Essential, Structural And Functional Differentiation Of Addressee In English-Language News Reports


The article is based on English-language news for an adult targeting group posted on the CNN information site ( and news for a youth targeting group posted on the CNN 10 information site (https: / /, the types of news are modelled, differentiated by the structure and temporal relevance of the described information. The study proves the relevance of the described events in the news determines the essential, structural and functional characteristics of the news event. There are three types of news reporting structure in the study: 1) current news about recent events; about events occurring at the moment; announcement of upcoming events; 2) current news about recent, ongoing at the moment and future events with a detailed background (from the events of the present, past or future); 3) an event of the past, presented as news with an explanatory background, relevant outside of time. The age of the recipient determines a deliberate violation of the criteria for quality news, such as relevance and efficiency. The study showed that temporal relevance is an important differentiating parameter of news messages in their essential and structural aspect, not only for children and youth target groups, but also for adults. The study identifies invariant and specific news functions for children and youth and adult target groups. The prospect of the study is to establish the presence or absence of differentiation of the content-structural and functional characteristics of news messages for target groups according to gender, race, nationality and state of health.

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The paper is devoted to the issues of effective organization of training in a foreign community, in particular, the most efficient approaches to prefixal verbs of motion at different stages of training. In the practical course of the Russian language for foreign students, one of the difficult topics is the study of prefixal verbs of motion. The ambiguity of semantic, formal identity of verbs, large quantitative composition of this language group leads to difficulties of studying prefixal verbs and their use in speech. The paper presents the errors from written works of foreign students and gives the analysis of their causes. The paper analyses the possibilities of using various techniques, including the system of training exercises. It considers methodological techniques of dealing with lexical and grammatical units of the studied language at the stages of introducing new educational material, its consolidation and activation in speech, such as the demonstration of a speech model, translation, comment, diagrams, tables, frames, drawings. Besides, the paper highlights the rational combination of systematic performance of training exercises, which lay down a strong language base, and various techniques, which activate the reclusive activity of foreign students, form and develop their speech, help to master such complex and voluminous educational material as prefixal verbs of motion. The provisions set forth in the paper are based on the study of scientific and methodological literature, teaching manuals on Russian language for foreigners, observations in the educational process, as well as personal experience of teaching Russian language to foreign students.

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