Transformation Of The Modern State Into A Social State


The relevance of the study is considered due to the formation of a social state in Russia. The principles of the social state model plays a crucial role in the successful operation of our entire society. The formation of a social state in post-Soviet Russia is at the very beginning of theoretical and practical development. Scientific research on this issue is not enough. Moreover, it is extremely important for the state to take care of the social security of the multinational people of Russia, which is “the bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power” in accordance with article 3 of the Constitution of Russia. The study develops scientific and practice-proven terminology in the theory of the social state and presents the model for its creation based on the analysis of factors affecting the development of the social state in the Russian Federation. The leading method for studying modern problems of the social state is the method of analysis and comparative study of the Constitution of Russia and foreign countries, confirming the state’s obligation to provide social security for the population and then synthesizing its identified signs and functions suitable for the domestic model of the social state. The authors substantiated the need to strengthen the legal basis of the social state in the conditions of transformation of public life. The article concludes the Russian Federation as a social state is in the process of constantly searching for effective legislation in order to improve the living conditions.

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The paper is devoted to the issues of effective organization of training in a foreign community, in particular, the most efficient approaches to prefixal verbs of motion at different stages of training. In the practical course of the Russian language for foreign students, one of the difficult topics is the study of prefixal verbs of motion. The ambiguity of semantic, formal identity of verbs, large quantitative composition of this language group leads to difficulties of studying prefixal verbs and their use in speech. The paper presents the errors from written works of foreign students and gives the analysis of their causes. The paper analyses the possibilities of using various techniques, including the system of training exercises. It considers methodological techniques of dealing with lexical and grammatical units of the studied language at the stages of introducing new educational material, its consolidation and activation in speech, such as the demonstration of a speech model, translation, comment, diagrams, tables, frames, drawings. Besides, the paper highlights the rational combination of systematic performance of training exercises, which lay down a strong language base, and various techniques, which activate the reclusive activity of foreign students, form and develop their speech, help to master such complex and voluminous educational material as prefixal verbs of motion. The provisions set forth in the paper are based on the study of scientific and methodological literature, teaching manuals on Russian language for foreigners, observations in the educational process, as well as personal experience of teaching Russian language to foreign students.

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